Self-tuning Omnidirectional Wireless Power Transfer using Double Toroidal Helix Coils

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2022-07-01
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Mcode
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Language
en
Pages
Series
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics
Abstract
In this article, we suggest and study a novel omnidirectional wireless power transfer (WPT) system based on unusual double-toroidal helix coils. The suggested antenna is a double-helix coil wounded around a torus. It creates two mutually orthogonal magnetic fields. One is toroidal and confined inside the torus, and another one is poloidal and is distributed outside it. The intensities of these two fields can be independently tuned via the geometry of the turns. The coupling coefficients are tailored to ensure high efficiency regardless of the receiver position and orientation, without active circuitry for tuning or control. This topology provides self-tuning functionality which is achieved when the coupling between the transmitter and receiver is minimized while the coupling in the pairs transmitter-repeater and repeater-receiver is strong. The system consists of three transmitter-repeater pairs orthogonal to each other, ensuring omnidirectional functionality. Experimental results confirm self-tunability and high efficiency for any position and orientation of receivers. The proposed double-helix antenna is applicable to different WPT applications where the coupling/decoupling between coils can be freely controlled.
Description
Publisher Copyright: IEEE
Keywords
Coils, Couplings, omnidirectional power, poloidal field, Receivers, Repeaters, Three-dimensional displays, toroidal field, toroidal helix coil, Toroidal magnetic fields, Transmitters, Wireless power transfer
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Citation
Jayathurathnage, P K S, Dang, X, Simovski, C & Tretyakov, S 2022, ' Self-tuning Omnidirectional Wireless Power Transfer using Double Toroidal Helix Coils ', IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 69, no. 7, pp. 6828-6837 . https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2021.3097663