Economics, Culture and Immigration Attitudes - A study of the factors behind Finnish immigration preferences

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Journal ISSN
Volume Title
School of Business | Master's thesis
Date
2018
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Economics
Language
en
Pages
69
Series
Abstract
This study presents a descriptive analysis of the roles played by economic and noneconomic factors behind Finnish immigration attitudes, drawing from European Social Survey (ESS) data collected between 2002 and 2016. Imitating an earlier study by Dustmann and Preston (2007), I apply a framework that assumes immigration attitudes to be primarily associated with individual losses and gains experienced through the labour market, public finances and culture. I specify a model that allows me to compare how the relative magnitudes of the three channels of transmission vary depending on the immigrant group in question and the education level of the respondents. My results suggest that cultural concerns are the overwhelmingly most important component in predicting immigration attitudes. I also present evidence of attitudes associating with labour market and welfare concerns, but some ambiguity remains in regards to the their relative magnitudes.
Description
Thesis advisor
Toivanen, Otto
Keywords
immigration attitudes, international migration, European Social Survey, immigration to Finland
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