ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS IN ENGINEERING : SYSTEMIC DIFFERENCES BETWEEN EXPERTS AND NOVICES

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Conference article
Date
2023
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
10
1655-1664
Series
Proceedings of the Design Society, Volume 3
Abstract
Engineering knowledge forms an essential part of our planetary fight against climate change. Traditionally, engineering curricula emphasizes the importance of technical knowledge and encourages to specialize in niche areas, where engineers develop themselves into experts. However, it is important to be able to reflect on complex societal challenges from a variety of perspectives to produce not only innovative, but also long-lasting and inclusive solutions for the greater good. This paper aims to understand the extent of systems thinking abilities of engineers by differentiating experts from novices. The study traces sustainability connections made by professional engineers and master's level engineering students when solving engineering design problems. This qualitative study highlights seven recurring themes that relate to the global sustainability discourse and describe a problem-centred approach through a real-life case that focuses on paper and pulp production, through a thematic analysis of 59 responses. The results portray system-level differences in how novice and expert engineers approach sustainability questions and how these differences shape their solution spaces.
Description
| openaire: EC/H2020/101004462/EU//ATTRACT2 Funding Information: This project has received funding from the European Union s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 101004462. The authors would like to thank the Aalto Design Factory and TU Delft Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering research teams. Publisher Copyright: © The Author(s), 2023. Published by Cambridge University Press.
Keywords
Experts and novices, Social responsibility, Societal consequences, Sustainability, Systems thinking
Other note
Citation
Kirjavainen, S & Celik, S 2023, ' ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS IN ENGINEERING : SYSTEMIC DIFFERENCES BETWEEN EXPERTS AND NOVICES ', Proceedings of the Design Society, vol. 3, pp. 1655-1664 . https://doi.org/10.1017/pds.2023.166