Interevent Correlations from Avalanches Hiding Below the Detection Threshold

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A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
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Date
2016-12-01
Department
Department of Applied Physics
University of Oslo
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
1-6
Series
PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, Volume 117
Abstract
Numerous systems ranging from deformation of materials to earthquakes exhibit bursty dynamics, which consist of a sequence of events with a broad event size distribution. Very often these events are observed to be temporally correlated or clustered, evidenced by power-law-distributed waiting times separating two consecutive activity bursts. We show how such interevent correlations arise simply because of a finite detection threshold, created by the limited sensitivity of the measurement apparatus, or used to subtract background activity or noise from the activity signal. Data from crack-propagation experiments and numerical simulations of a nonequilibrium crack-line model demonstrate how thresholding leads to correlated bursts of activity by separating the avalanche events into subavalanches. The resulting temporal subavalanche correlations are well described by our general scaling description of thresholding-induced correlations in crackling noise.
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Keywords
Avalanche dynamics, Waiting time distributions, Crackling noise, crack growth, earthquake
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Citation
Janicevic , S , Laurson , L , Måløy , K J , Santucci , S & Alava , M 2016 , ' Interevent Correlations from Avalanches Hiding Below the Detection Threshold ' , Physical Review Letters , vol. 117 , 230601 , pp. 1-6 . https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.117.230601