Technical control of nanoparticle emissions from desktop 3D printing

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2021-07
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
Series
Indoor Air
Abstract
Material extrusion (ME) desktop 3D printing is known to strongly emit nanoparticles (NP), and the need for risk management has been recognized widely. Four different engineering control measures were studied in real-life office conditions by means of online NP measurements and indoor aerosol modeling. The studied engineering control measures were general ventilation, local exhaust ventilation (LEV), retrofitted enclosure, and retrofitted enclosure with LEV. Efficiency between different control measures was compared based on particle number and surface area (SA) concentrations from which SA concentration was found to be more reliable. The study found out that for regular or long-time use of ME desktop 3D printers, the general ventilation is not sufficient control measure for NP emissions. Also, the LEV with canopy hood attached above the 3D printer did not control the emission remarkably and successful position of the hood in relation to the nozzle was found challenging. Retrofitted enclosure attached to the LEV reduced the NP emissions 96% based on SA concentration. Retrofitted enclosure is nearly as efficient as enclosure attached to the LEV (reduction of 89% based on SA concentration) but may be considered more practical solution than enclosure with LEV.
Description
Keywords
contaminant control, desktop 3D printing, indoor air modeling, nanoparticle emission, risk management, ultrafine particles
Other note
Citation
Viitanen , A K , Kallonen , K , Kukko , K , Kanerva , T , Saukko , E , Hussein , T , Hämeri , K & Säämänen , A 2021 , ' Technical control of nanoparticle emissions from desktop 3D printing ' , Indoor Air , vol. 31 , no. 4 , pp. 1061-1071 . https://doi.org/10.1111/ina.12791