Non-doped CeO2-carbonate nanocomposite electrolyte for low temperature solid oxide fuel cells

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2020-12-15
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
7
29290-29296
Series
Ceramics International, Volume 46, issue 18
Abstract
CeO2 is an oxygen nonstoichiometric material for the coexistence of redox pair of Ce3+ and Ce4+, even under an oxidizing atmosphere, and its self-doping is fulfilled bases on the multivalence characteristics. It has been served in versatile applications, including fuel cells and catalysis. Excellent electrochemical performances of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) have been achieved at intermediate and low-temperature range based on doped cerium oxide electrolyte. In this study, we utilize its self-doping form to prepare core-shell structure bi-phase nano-composite of CeO2 and alkali carbonate (Li2CO3, Na2CO3 and K2CO3) through a two-step synthesis method. SEM, TEM, XRD, and EIS measurements were applied to characterize the morphology, crystal size, the ionic conductivity of the electrolyte, and the electrochemical performance of resulting ceramic fuel cells. An exceptional ionic conductivity of 0.34 S cm−1 was generated at 550 °C in air, significantly different from its insulating property of the perfect CeO2 phase. A power density of 910 mW cm−2 was also achieved as the highest electrochemical performance of a single cell. The multi-ionic conduction behavior of CeO2-carbonate is also discussed. The results reveal an effective approach to develop alternative SOFC electrolyte materials for low-temperature, high-performance energy conversion applications.
Description
Keywords
Ceria-carbonate composite electrolyte, Core-shell, Hybrid ionic conduction, Interface conductivity, Low temperature solid oxide fuel cell, Self-doping
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Citation
Jing , Y , Lund , P , Asghar , M I , Li , F , Zhu , B , Wang , B , Zhou , X , Chen , C & Fan , L 2020 , ' Non-doped CeO 2 -carbonate nanocomposite electrolyte for low temperature solid oxide fuel cells ' , Ceramics International , vol. 46 , no. 18 , pp. 29290-29296 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2020.08.104