Through-drop imaging of moving contact lines and contact areas on opaque water-repellent surfaces

No Thumbnail Available
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2023-02-27
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
11
Series
Soft Matter
Abstract
A myriad of natural surfaces such as plant leaves and insect wings can repel water and remain unwetted inspiring scientists and engineers to develop water-repellent surfaces for various applications. Those natural and artificial water-repellent surfaces are typically opaque, containing micro- and nano-roughness, and their wetting properties are determined by the details at the actual liquid-solid interface. However, a generally applicable way to directly observe moving contact lines on opaque water-repellent surfaces is missing. Here, we show that the advancing and receding contact lines and corresponding contact area on micro- and nano-rough water-repellent surfaces can be readily and reproducibly quantified using a transparent droplet probe. Combined with a conventional optical microscope, we quantify the progression of the apparent contact area and apparent contact line irregularity in different types of superhydrophobic silicon nanograss surfaces. Contact angles near 180° can be determined with an uncertainty as low as 0.2°, that a conventional contact angle goniometer cannot distinguish. We also identify the pinning/depinning sequences of a pillared model surface with excellent repeatability and quantify the progression of the apparent contact interface and contact angle of natural plant leaves with irregular surface topography.
Description
| openaire: EC/H2020/725513/EU//SuperRepel
Keywords
Other note
Citation
Vieira, A F, Cui, W, Jokinen, V, Ras, R H A & Zhou, Q 2023, ' Through-drop imaging of moving contact lines and contact areas on opaque water-repellent surfaces ', Soft Matter, vol. 19, no. 13, pp. 2350-2359 . https://doi.org/10.1039/D2SM01622B