Investigating the influence of seating area design and enclosure on the seat-dip effect using scale model measurements

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Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
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Date
2020-09-11
Major/Subject
Mcode
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Language
en
Pages
10
Series
Acta Acustica, Volume 4, issue 4
Abstract
The low-frequency attenuation in the direct sound due to the concert hall seats, i.e., the seat-dip effect, is studied with the help of a scale model comprising an adjustable seating area and an enclosed box. More particularly, different seat underpass sizes and floor raking angles are studied, and the results are averaged over multiple source positions. With the measurements on the seating area only, the main seat-dip frequency is found to depend on the seat back rest height, and on the degree of obstruction of the seat underpass. The attenuation bandwidth is found to depend mainly on the floor raking. The differences become less clear when seating area is enclosed by concert hall walls and ceiling because the early reflections from the concert hall geometry compensate the low-frequency attenuation in the direct sound. In addition, the low frequencies below the main seat-dip frequency are found to increase in the presence of unobstructed seat underpasses, and such seats are recommended for the maximal bass response in a concert hall.
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Keywords
SOUND, ACOUSTICS
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Citation
Tahvanainen , H , Lokki , T , Jang , H-S & Jeon , J-Y 2020 , ' Investigating the influence of seating area design and enclosure on the seat-dip effect using scale model measurements ' , Acta Acustica United With Acustica , vol. 4 , no. 4 , 15 . https://doi.org/10.1051/aacus/2020016