Parameter dependencies of the experimental nitrogen concentration required for detachment on ASDEX Upgrade and JET

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2021-09
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
9
Series
Nuclear Materials and Energy, Volume 28
Abstract
While current tokamak experiments are beginning to use real-time feedback control systems to manage the plasma exhaust, future tokamaks still require validation of theoretical models used to predict the threshold impurity concentration required to sufficiently reduce the power and particle fluxes to the divertor. This work exploits new spectroscopic measurements of the divertor nitrogen concentration, cN, in partially detached N2-seeded H-mode plasmas on ASDEX Upgrade (AUG) and JET with the ITER-Like Wall (JET-ILW) to test the parameter dependencies of the power flowing to the outer divertor, Pdiv,outer, and the separatrix electron density, ne,sep. A least-squares regression of the AUG measurements demonstrates that the threshold cN required for detachment scales as cN∝Pdiv,outer1.19±0.32ne,sep-2.77±0.36. This scaling of ne,sep is also consistent with the measurements from JET which, at constant Pdiv,outer, show cN∝ne,sep-2.43±0.27. The dependencies of Pdiv,outer and ne,sep is demonstrated over at least a factor of two change in both parameters and indicates a stronger dependence on ne,sep in comparison to the Lengyel model, which could be due to the assumption in this model that the heat flux channel width is independent of density. This first assessment of detachment scaling with impurity seeding highlights the need for further analysis of the systematic uncertainties of the measurement and more consistent scenarios from more tokamaks to investigate the machine size scaling.
Description
| openaire: EC/H2020/633053/EU//EUROfusion
Keywords
Concentration, Divertor, Impurity, Nitrogen, Seeding, Spectroscopy, Tokamak
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Citation
Henderson, S S, Bernert, M, Giroud, C, Brida, D, Cavedon, M, David, P, Dux, R, Harrison, J R, Huber, A, Kallenbach, A, Karhunen, J, Lomanowski, B, Matthews, G, Meigs, A, Pitts, R A, Reimold, F, Reinke, M L, Silburn, S, Vianello, N, Wiesen, S, Wischmeier, M, EUROfusion MST1 Team, ASDEX Upgrade Team & JET Contributors 2021, ' Parameter dependencies of the experimental nitrogen concentration required for detachment on ASDEX Upgrade and JET ', Nuclear Materials and Energy, vol. 28, 101000 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nme.2021.101000