Network-side Localization via Semi-Supervised Multi-point Channel Charting

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openAccess
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Conference article in proceedings
Date
2021-08-09
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
7
1654-1660
Series
Proceedings of International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing, IWCMC 2021
Abstract
We consider the network-side mobile localization problem in future 5G and beyond wireless networks with distributed multi-antenna base stations (BSs). For this application, we propose a semi-supervised multi-point channel charting (SS-MPCC) framework, which consists of (i) collaborative collection of channel state information (CSI) and other side-information by distributed BSs; (ii) local CSI feature extraction and self-learning of a dissimilarity metric, and (iii) global graph construction and constrained manifold learning. We show that side-information from routine network operations, including timestamps, channel qualities, and a small set of labeled samples, can be exploited to construct a consistent global graph. The graph is then mapped to a 2D channel chart using constrained manifold learning for localization purposes. We evaluate the performance of SS-MPCC in a simulated urban outdoor scenario with realistic user motion. Our results show that SS-MPCC achieves a mean localization error of 5.6 m with only 10% of labeled CSI samples. SS-MPCC does not require accurate synchronization among multiple BSs and is promising for future cellular localization.
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Keywords
Location awareness, Measurement, Manifolds, Laplace equations, Wireless networks, Real-time systems, Manifold learning
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Citation
Deng, J, Tirkkonen, O, Zhang, J, Jiao, X & Studer, C 2021, Network-side Localization via Semi-Supervised Multi-point Channel Charting . in Proceedings of International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing, IWCMC 2021 ., 9498723, IEEE, pp. 1654-1660, International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference, Harbin, China, 28/06/2021 . https://doi.org/10.1109/IWCMC51323.2021.9498723