Fused particle fabrication 3-D printing

Loading...
Thumbnail Image
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2018-08-12
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
Series
Materials, Volume 11, issue 8
Abstract
Fused particle fabrication (FPF) (or fused granular fabrication (FGF)) has potential for increasing recycled polymers in 3-D printing. Here, the open source Gigabot X is used to develop a new method to optimize FPF/FGF for recycled materials. Virgin polylactic acid (PLA) pellets and prints were analyzed and were then compared to four recycled polymers including the two most popular printing materials (PLA and acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS)) as well as the two most common waste plastics (polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and polypropylene (PP)). The size characteristics of the various materials were quantified using digital image processing. Then, power and nozzle velocity matrices were used to optimize the print speed, and a print test was used to maximize the output for a two-temperature stage extruder for a given polymer feedstock. ASTM type 4 tensile tests were used to determine the mechanical properties of each plastic when they were printed with a particle drive extruder system and were compared with filament printing. The results showed that the Gigabot X can print materials 6.5× to 13× faster than conventional printers depending on the material, with no significant reduction in the mechanical properties. It was concluded that the Gigabot X and similar FPF/FGF printers can utilize a wide range of recycled polymer materials with minimal post processing.
Description
Keywords
3-D printing, Additive manufacturing, Circular economy, Distributed manufacturing, Extruder, Open-source, Polymers, Recycling, Upcycle, Waste plastic
Other note
Citation
Woern , A L , Byard , D J , Oakley , R B , Fiedler , M J , Snabes , S L & Pearce , J M 2018 , ' Fused particle fabrication 3-D printing : Recycled materials' optimization and mechanical properties ' , Materials , vol. 11 , no. 8 , 1413 . https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11081413