Transition from small-scale to large-scale dynamo in a supernova-driven, multiphase medium

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A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
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The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 961, issue 1
Magnetic fields are now widely recognized as critical at many scales to galactic dynamics and structure, including multiphase pressure balance, dust processing, and star formation. Using imposed magnetic fields cannot reliably model the interstellar medium's (ISM) dynamical structure nor phase interactions. Dynamos must be modeled. ISM models exist of turbulent magnetic fields using small-scale dynamo (SSD). Others model the large-scale dynamo (LSD) organizing magnetic fields at the scale of the disk or spiral arms. Separately, neither can fully describe the galactic magnetic field dynamics nor topology. We model the LSD and SSD together at a sufficient resolution to use the low explicit Lagrangian resistivity required. The galactic SSD saturates within 20 Myr. We show that the SSD is quite insensitive to the presence of an LSD and is even stronger in the presence of a large-scale shear flow. The LSD grows more slowly in the presence of SSD, saturating after 5 Gyr versus 1–2 Gyr in studies where the SSD is weak or absent. The LSD primarily grows in warm gas in the galactic midplane. Saturation of the LSD occurs due to α-quenching near the midplane as the growing mean-field produces a magnetic α that opposes the kinetic α. The magnetic energy in our models of the LSD shows a slightly sublinear response to increasing resolution, indicating that we are converging toward the physical solution at 1 pc resolution. Clustering supernovae in OB associations increases the growth rates for both the SSD and the LSD, compared to a horizontally uniform supernova distribution.
| openaire: EC/H2020/818665/EU//UniSDyn
Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies
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Gent , F A , Mac Low , M-M & Korpi-Lagg , M J 2024 , ' Transition from small-scale to large-scale dynamo in a supernova-driven, multiphase medium ' , The Astrophysical Journal , vol. 961 , no. 1 , 7 , pp. 1-19 .