Simulation-based assessment of the operational performance of the finnish–swedish winter navigation system

Loading...
Thumbnail Image
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2020-09-27
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
27
1-27
Series
Applied Sciences (Switzerland), Volume 10, issue 19
Abstract
This article presents a discrete event simulation-based approach for assessing the operating performance of the Finnish–Swedish Winter Navigation System (FSWNS) under different operating scenarios. Different operating scenarios are specified in terms of ice conditions, the volume of maritime traffic, number of icebreakers (IBs), and regulations such as the Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI). Considered performance indicators include transport capacity, number of instances of icebreaker (IB) assistance, and IB waiting times. The approach is validated against real-world data on maritime traffic in the Bothnian Bay. In terms of the number of ship arrivals per port, indicating the transport capacity of the FSWNS, the simulation agrees well with the data. In terms of the number of instances of IB assistance and IB waiting times per port, the standard deviations between the mean of 35 independent simulation runs and the data are 13% and 18%, respectively. A sensitivity analysis indicates that the simulated number of instances of IB assistance and IB waiting times is particularly sensitive to assumptions concerning the presence of brash ice channels. Case studies indicate that, unless the number of IBs is increased, the EEDI regulations may result in a significant increase in both the number of instances of IB assistance and the cumulated IB waiting times.
Description
Keywords
Arctic shipping, Discrete-event simulation, Energy efficiency design index (EEDI), Ice class ships, Icebreakers, Maritime transport systems, Winter navigation
Other note
Citation
Bergström , M & Kujala , P 2020 , ' Simulation-based assessment of the operational performance of the finnish–swedish winter navigation system ' , Applied Sciences (Switzerland) , vol. 10 , no. 19 , 6747 , pp. 1-27 . https://doi.org/10.3390/app10196747