Basic design considerations for a frequency step-tunable electron cyclotron wave system to suppress NTMs in DEMO

Loading...
Thumbnail Image
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2021-12
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
Series
Fusion Engineering and Design, Volume 173
Abstract
An Electron Cyclotron Wave (ECW) system will be used in the European DEMO for the stabilization of Neoclassical Tearing Modes (NTMs). In order to avoid movable mirrors in the harsh environment close to the plasma and to simplify the NTM launcher integration, the tuning of the ECW deposition location can be achieved by launching frequency-tunable ECWs from fixed mirrors while the frequency is tuned in discrete steps of 2–3GHz. An overview of the frequency step-tunable ECW system for NTM stabilization is presented. The design considerations are discussed based on the current DEMO baseline parameters and the status of technologies. A simulation of NTM stabilization with an idealized frequency tunable ECW system on an analytical NTM model is shown. The simulation takes into account a realistic tuning speed based on the present technology and considers the current NTM launcher configurations in DEMO. A simple sweeping strategy is adapted for the control of frequency. Various uncertainties, which will affect the feasibility, need to be further investigated.
Description
| openaire: EC/H2020/633053/EU//EUROfusion
Keywords
Current drive, DEMO, Electron cyclotron wave, Frequency steering, Frequency step-tunable gyrotron, Heating, Neoclassical tearing mode
Other note
Citation
Wu , C , Aiello , G , Avramidis , K A , Bruschi , A , Fable , E , Franke , T , Gantenbein , G , Garavaglia , S , Granucci , G , Illy , S , Janky , F , Jelonnek , J , Kudláček , O , Moro , A , Poli , E , Ruess , T , Scherer , T , Schramm , R , Siccinio , M , Snicker , A , Strauß , D , Suárez López , G , Tardini , G , Thumm , M , Tran , M Q & Zohm , H 2021 , ' Basic design considerations for a frequency step-tunable electron cyclotron wave system to suppress NTMs in DEMO ' , Fusion Engineering and Design , vol. 173 , 112931 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fusengdes.2021.112931