User effect on antenna cluster based MIMO antenna

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openAccess
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Conference article in proceedings
Date
2019-01-01
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
5
Series
Antennas and Propagation Conference 2019
Abstract
This paper studies the benefits of the antenna cluster technique in exciting the orthogonal modes of a metal rim for MIMO operation in the low-band frequencies. The user effect with antenna clusters is studied with measurements of antenna prototype held by a hand phantom. On average, better than 20% total efficiency is achieved over the low-band frequencies and almost 30% average efficiency over the higher frequencies which suggests that the antenna cluster technique can be used to design user effective mobile device antennas.
Description
Keywords
Characteristic Modes, Mobile Antennas, Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO), Unbroken Metal Rim, User Effect
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Citation
Luomaniemi , R , Hannula , J M , Kormilainen , R , Lehtovuori , A & Viikari , V 2019 , User effect on antenna cluster based MIMO antenna . in Antennas and Propagation Conference 2019 . Institution of Engineering and Technology , Antennas and Propagation Conference , Birmingham , United Kingdom , 11/11/2019 . https://doi.org/10.1049/cp.2019.0691