The Impact of Optimal Demand Response Control and Thermal Energy Storage on a District Heating System

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2019-05-03
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
19
Series
Energies, Volume 12, issue 9
Abstract
Demand response has been studied in district heating connected buildings since the rollout of smart, communicating devices has made it cost-effective to control buildings’ energy consumption externally. This research investigates optimal demand response control strategies from the district heating operator perspective. Based on earlier simulations on the building level, different case algorithms were simulated on a typical district heating system. The results show that even in the best case, heat production costs can be decreased by only 0.7%. However, by implementing hot water thermal storage in the system, demand response can become more profitable, resulting in 1.4% cost savings. It is concluded that the hot water storage tank can balance district heating peak loads for longer periods of time, which enhances the ability to use demand response strategies on a larger share of the building stock.
Description
Keywords
demand response, district heating, hot water storagfe, rule-based control
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Citation
Salo, S, Hast, A, Jokisalo, J, Kosonen, R, Syri, S, Hirvonen, J & Martin, K 2019, ' The Impact of Optimal Demand Response Control and Thermal Energy Storage on a District Heating System ', Energies, vol. 12, no. 9, 1678 . https://doi.org/10.3390/en12091678