Solar Orbiter Data-Model Comparison in Venus' Induced Magnetotail

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A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
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Journal of geophysical research: Space physics, Volume 128, issue 2
We investigate the structure of the Venusian magnetotail utilizing magnetic field and electron density measurements that cover a wide range of distances from the planet, from the first two Solar Orbiter Venus flybys. We examine the magnetic field components along the spacecraft trajectory up to 80 Venus radii down the tail. Even though the magnetic field behavior differs considerably between the two cases, we see extended electron density enhancements covering distances greater than ∼20 RV in both flybys. We compare the magnetic field measurements with a global hybrid model of the induced magnetosphere and magnetotail of Venus, to examine to what degree the observations can be understood with the simulation. The model upstream conditions are stationary and the solution encloses a large volume of 83 RV × 60 RV × 60 RV in which we look for spatial magnetic field and plasma variations. We rotate the simulation solution to describe different stationary upstream IMF clock angle cases with a 10° step and find the clock angle for which the agreement between observations and model is maximized along Solar Orbiter's trajectory in 1-min steps. We find that in both flybys there is better agreement with the observations when we rotate the model for some intervals, while there are parts that cannot be well reproduced by the model irrespective of how we vary the IMF clock angle, suggesting the presence of non-stationary features in the Venus-solar wind interaction not accounted for in the hybrid model.
Funding Information: K. S. acknowledges support from the Swedish National Space Agency through Grants DNR 156/16. The work of R.J. was supported by the Academy of Finland (Decision No. 310444). A.P.D. received financial support from the Swedish National Space Agency (Grant 2020‐00111) and the EU Horizon 2020 project SHARP: SHocks: structure, AcceleRation, dissiPation 101004131. Publisher Copyright: ©2023. The Authors.
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Stergiopoulou , K , Jarvinen , R , Andrews , D J , Edberg , N J T , Dimmock , A P , Kallio , E , Persson , M & Khotyaintsev , Y V 2023 , ' Solar Orbiter Data-Model Comparison in Venus' Induced Magnetotail ' , Journal of geophysical research: Space physics , vol. 128 , no. 2 , e2022JA031023 .