An integrated architectural and structural design concept by using local, salvaged timber

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Journal Title
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Volume Title
Conference article in proceedings
Date
2021-08
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
12
Series
IASS Annual Symposium 2020/21 & the 7th International Conference on Spatial Structures: Inspiring the Next Generation At: Guilford, UK, Proceedings of the IASS Annual Symposia
Abstract
Our research-based design approach suggests an integrated architectural and structural design concept by using local, salvaged timber in a “material and connection – structure – architecture” sequence, which is in line with Neri Oxman´s discussion of the “Form First, Structure First, Material First: the Designer’s Causality Dilemma”. Following the philosophy of design-build, locally available, salvaged wooden material connected by wooden nails only is the main design driver. The material, its properties, size, and availability as well as the wooden nail connection are explored separately. The merger of material and the specific connection results in structurally tested prototype-assemblies and in previously unnoticed insights respectively. Together with long-term observation from exposure to the natural environment as well as architectural requirements according to its prototypical use, the findings from the prototype-assemblies are feeding back the design process, as finally showcased by a natural trail project for the city of Kouvola, Finland. The proposed trail meets the requirements of a cheap, fast, replaceable, and sustainable solution, by simultaneously including multiple modular elements for the path and a central, partly curved plaza-like area. Future work will focus on smoothening the workflow and on structural and architectural optimization with special focus on the wooden nail connections, and associated assembly geometries.
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Keywords
Integrated design concept, salvaged timber, wooden nail connections, sustainability, low-tech, timber-only structures, natural trail
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Citation
Ruan , G , Filz , G H & Fink , G 2021 , An integrated architectural and structural design concept by using local, salvaged timber . in IASS Annual Symposium 2020/21 & the 7th International Conference on Spatial Structures: Inspiring the Next Generation At: Guilford, UK . Proceedings of the IASS Annual Symposia , International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures (IASS) , Annual Symposium of the International Association for Shell and Spatial Structures (IASS) and the 7th International Conference on Spatial Structures , Guildford , United Kingdom , 23/08/2021 .