Side-stream lignins: Potential antioxidant and antimicrobial agents in milk

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A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
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Date
2024-03
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Mcode
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Language
en
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FOOD RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL, Volume 180
Abstract
In recent years, lignin has drawn increasing attention due to its intrinsic antibacterial and antioxidant activities, biodegradability, and biocompatibility. Yet, like several other biogenic structures, its compositional heterogeneity represents a challenge to overcome. In addition, there are few studies regarding food applications of lignin. Herein, we evaluate the antimicrobial and antioxidant effects of lignin from two different sources. These lignins were characterized by attenuated total reflectance Fourier-transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) and hydrogen nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopies. Their antibacterial and antioxidant capacities (DPPH and Folin-Ciocalteu methods) were also investigated. Susceptibility tests were performed with the minimal inhibitory (MIC) and bactericidal (MBC) concentrations using the micro-broth dilution technique. Kraft lignin presented higher radical-scavenging and antibacterial activities than alkali lignin, indicating the dependence of antioxidant and antibacterial activities on the precursor biomass. Scanning electron microscopy shows morphologic changes in the bacteria after exposure to lignin, while confocal microscopy suggests that kraft lignin has affinity towards bacterial surfaces and the ability to cause cell membrane destabilization. Lignin inhibited the growth of Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella Enteritidis in skimmed milk, herein taken as food model. Our results suggest that lignins are promising candidates for green additives to improve quality and safety within the food chain.
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Publisher Copyright: © 2024 Elsevier Ltd
Keywords
Antibacterial activity, Milk, Radical scavenging, Technical lignin
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Citation
Marangon, C A, Otoni, C G, Bertuso, P C, Rossi, P F, dos Santos, D M, Lourençon, T V, Martins, V C A, Plepis, A M G, Mattoso, L H C & Nitschke, M 2024, ' Side-stream lignins: Potential antioxidant and antimicrobial agents in milk ', FOOD RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL, vol. 180, 114091 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2024.114091