Prioritizing participatory planning solutions : Developing place-based priority categories based on public participation GIS data

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2023-11
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
13
Series
LANDSCAPE AND URBAN PLANNING, Volume 239
Abstract
Prioritization of knowledge produced in participatory planning has been approached mainly from the perspective of whose perspectives are most in need of consideration. We ask, whether it is also possible to consider which locations, based on the knowledge from participants, should be prioritized. We developed a place-based approach to inform spatial decision making especially when the prioritization of limited resources is necessary. In the place-based prioritization model frequency of use and perceived quality of everyday places were used to identify various priority categories. We argued that especially places that are perceived negatively but used often in daily life pose a risk to wellbeing and the quality of life and should thus be prioritized in development. Such places belonged to the Development priority category, but also three other categories, Development potential, Management potential and Management priority were identified. The prioritization model was tested empirically by using place-based knowledge about inhabitants everyday and quality networks collected in the Finnish city of Espoo. According to the results, the Development priority category was represented only in about 5% of places, most often in land associated with road and rail networks as well as in continuous urban fabric. As hypothesized, high share of the Development priority places in everyday networks reduced individual's quality of life. We also found that a rather high share of these places was located within existing planning areas of the city.
Description
Funding Information: This research was funded by NordForsk, Sustainable Urban Development and Smart Cities Programme, Project Smart Planning for Healthy and Green and Nordic Cities – NORDGREEN, under Grant Number: 95322. Also the Transformative Cities -project funded by Academy of Finland (grant number 352947) contributed to financing the work of the first author. Funding Information: The study was carried out in the city of Espoo, Finland. Located in the Helsinki metropolitan area, Espoo is the second largest city in Finland with about 292,800 inhabitants (in 2020). The city of Espoo has actively developed its participatory planning practices for many years. This has included investing in large-scale public participation, the active use of various public participation methods including digital tools, and the development of influential participation where the knowledge produced by people is systematically analyzed and stored and actively shared and used by various sectors of the city. As part of the NordGreen research project funded by NordForsk (see: https://nordregioprojects.org/nordgreen/ ), Aalto University and the city of Espoo realized the MyEspoo survey in 2020. The survey represented the early initiation of a public participation process, where inhabitants shared their personal experiences about various parts of the city as background knowledge for planning, even before the planning process had officially started. Publisher Copyright: © 2023 The Author(s)
Keywords
Experiential knowledge, Participatory planning, Place-based approach, Prioritization model, Public participation GIS
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Citation
Kyttä , M , Randrup , T , Sunding , A , Rossi , S , Harsia , E , Palomäki , J & Kajosaari , A 2023 , ' Prioritizing participatory planning solutions : Developing place-based priority categories based on public participation GIS data ' , LANDSCAPE AND URBAN PLANNING , vol. 239 , 104868 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2023.104868