Explorable Information Spaces - Designing Entity Affordances for Fluid Information Exploration

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School of Arts, Design and Architecture | Doctoral thesis (article-based) | Defence date: 2019-12-05
Degree programme
129 + app. 131
Aalto University publication series DOCTORAL DISSERTATIONS, 192/2019
The research presented in this dissertation explores interactive techniques designed to overcome limitations of current conventional search tools as primary access points to information, and better support for a wider range of information-seeking behaviors, including exploratory search, serendipity, and orientation. I summarize that goal as Making information explorable and define explorability as the quality of physical space that enables humans to become acquainted with it through movement and exploration. An explorable information space implies situated information, which enables orientation: Choosing a direction instead of formulating queries; Meaningful overviews instead of narrow looks; Persistent spaces allowing growing familiarity, sense-making, and collaboration, instead of quick disposable search sessions. The promise of an information space with such properties is carried by the notion of entity- oriented information. I address the state of explorability of the information space through the evaluation of entity affordances and visualization techniques. To that end, I demarcate three properties of explorability, i.e., Direction, Orientation, and Continuity, which I use as design drivers in the development of various prototypes and user experiments. The research process has yielded eight publications, including seven design cases with user experiments, and a position paper. The summarized work consists of an extensive design exploration of the topic at hand, and proposes a variety of interaction techniques that have shown to support information exploration, and together demarcate an alternative paradigm for future information practices.
Supervising professor
Diaz-Kommonen, Lily, Prof., Aalto University, Department of Media, Finland
Thesis advisor
Jacucci, Giulio, Prof., University of Helsinki, Finland
Diaz-Kommonen, Lily, Prof., Aalto University, Department of Media, Finland
Ruotsalo, Tuukka, Dr, University of Helsinki, Finland
Information Exploration, Interface Design
Other note
  • [Publication 1]: Khalil Klouche, Tuukka Ruotsalo, Diogo Cabral, Salvatore Andolina, Andrea Bellucci, and Giulio Jacucci. Designing for Exploratory Search on Touch Devices. In Proceedings of the 33rd Annual ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, (CHI ’15). New York, NY, USA, pp. 4189-4198, ACM, April 2015.
    DOI: 10.1145/2702123.2702489 View at publisher
  • [Publication 2]: Salvatore Andolina, Khalil Klouche, Jaakko Peltonen, Mohammad Hoque, Tuukka Ruotsalo, Diogo Cabral, Arto Klami, Dorota Głowacka, Patrik Floréen, and Giulio Jacucci. IntentStreams: Smart Parallel Search Streams for Branching Exploratory Search. In Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces, (IUI ’15). ACM, New York, NY, USA, pp. 300-305, June 2015.
    DOI: 10.1145/2678025.2701401 View at publisher
  • [Publication 3]: Khalil Klouche, Tuukka Ruotsalo, Luana Micallef, Salvatore Andolina, and Giulio Jacucci. Visual Re-Ranking for Multi-Aspect Information Retrieval. In Proceedings of the 2017 Conference on Conference Human Information Interaction and Retrieval, (CHIIR ’17). ACM, New York, NY, USA, pp. 57-66, 2017, March 2017.
    DOI: 10.1145/3020165.3020174 View at publisher
  • [Publication 4]: Salvatore Andolina, Khalil Klouche, Tuukka Ruotsalo, Patrik Floréen, and Giulio Jacucci. QueryTogether: Enabling Entity-Centric Exploration in Multi-Device Collaborative Search. Information Processing & Management, Elsevier, Volume 54, Issue 6, May 2018, pp. 1182-1202, ISSN 0306-4573.
  • [Publication 5]: Salvatore Andolina, Khalil Klouche, Diogo Cabral, Tuukka Ruotsalo, and Giulio Jacucci. InspirationWall: Supporting Idea Generation Through Automatic Information Exploration. In Proceedings of the 2015 ACM SIGCHI Conference on Creativity and Cognition, (C&C ’15). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 103-106, June 2015.
    DOI: 10.1145/2757226.2757252 View at publisher
  • [Publication 6]: Salvatore Andolina, Valeria Orso, Hendrik Schneider, Khalil Klouche, Tuukka Ruotsalo, Luciano Gamberini, and Giulio Jacucci. Investigating Proactive Search Support in Conversations. In Proceedings of the 2018 Conference on Designing Interactive Systems, (DIS ’18). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 1141-1152, June 2018.
    DOI: 10.1145/3064663.3064728 View at publisher
  • [Publication 7]: Salvatore Andolina, Pedram Daee, Tung Vuong, Tuukka Ruotsalo, Khalil Klouche, Mats Sjöberg, Samuel Kaski,and Giulio Jacucci. Proactive Recommendation in Context: From Relevant Items to Actionable Entities. Submitted to ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction, February 2019.
  • [Publication 8]: Khalil Klouche, Tuukka Ruotsalo, and Giulio Jacucci. From Hyperlinks to Hypercues: Entity-Based Affordances for Fluid Information Exploration. In Proceedings of the 2018 Conference on Designing Interactive Systems, (DIS ’18). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 1141-1152, June 2018.
    DOI: 10.1145/3196709.3196775 View at publisher