Pausing While Programming: Insights From Keystroke Analysis

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Volume Title
Conference article in proceedings
Date
2022-06-13
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Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
12
Series
2022 IEEE/ACM 44th International Conference on Software Engineering: Software Engineering Education and Training (ICSE-SEET)
Abstract
Pauses in typing are generally considered to indicate cognitive processing and so are of interest in educational contexts. While much prior work has looked at typing behavior of Computer Science students, this paper presents results of a study specifically on the pausing behavior of students in Introductory Computer Programming. We investigate the frequency of pauses of different lengths, what last actions students take before pausing, and whether there is a correlation between pause length and performance in the course. We find evidence that frequency of pauses of all lengths is negatively correlated with performance, and that, while some keystrokes initiate pauses consistently across pause lengths, other keystrokes more commonly initiate short or long pauses. Clustering analysis discovers two groups of students, one that takes relatively fewer mid-to-long pauses and performs better on exams than the other.
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Citation
Shrestha , R , Leinonen , J , Zavgorodniaia , A , Hellas , A & Edwards , J 2022 , Pausing While Programming: Insights From Keystroke Analysis . in 2022 IEEE/ACM 44th International Conference on Software Engineering: Software Engineering Education and Training (ICSE-SEET) . IEEE , pp. 187-198 , International Conference on Software Engineering: Software Engineering Education and Training , Pittsburgh , Pennsylvania , United States , 21/05/2022 . https://doi.org/10.1109/ICSE-SEET55299.2022.9794163