Studies on polymeric composites with Ni-Mn-Ga alloys and carbon nanotubes

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en
dc.contributor.advisor Seppälä, Jukka, Prof.
dc.contributor.author Lahelin, Mika
dc.date.accessioned 2012-09-04T07:09:48Z
dc.date.available 2012-09-04T07:09:48Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.isbn 978-952-60-4388-3 (PDF)
dc.identifier.isbn 978-952-60-4387-6 (printed)
dc.identifier.issn 1799-4942
dc.identifier.uri https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/5086
dc.description.abstract In the first part of the study, the temperature and stress dependencies on the damping of bulk Ni-Mn-Ga alloys were studied. The measurements showed a significant decrease in the storage modulus values in martensite region for all alloys with an increasing temperature. The loss modulus values were almost constant in the martensite phase, decreasing to ∼ zero at the martensite to austenite transformation. The damping of bulk Ni-Mn-Ga decreased sharply at the transformation temperature. The stress dependency on the damping was measured for a non-modulated Ni-Mn-Ga alloy, showing a certain level of stress, twinning stress, which must be overcome before the twins in an Ni-Mn-Ga alloy can begin to move, and the damping due to the twin movement can be activated. Polymer composites were manufactured using Ni-Mn-Ga as powder, ribbons, and thin bulk. The adhesion between Ni-Mn-Ga and the polymers was studied for epoxies, silicones, and polyurethanes. Epoxies with different mechanical strength levels were tested, the epoxies with strength levels comparable to the used Ni-Mn-Ga showed improvements in passive damping. A magnetic circuit was constructed for dynamic mechanical analysis, and an improvement in damping was found with an external magnetic field and with Ni-Mn-Ga powder orientation in epoxy matrix. In the second part of the study, methyl methacrylate was in situ polymerized in the presence of carbon nanotubes. Both the low molecular weight anionic surfactants and amphiphilic copolymers with a significantly higher molecular weight were used as dispersing agents. Both types of surfactants were able to effectively disperse the multi-walled carbon nanotubes into the polymer matrix. Carbon nanotubes, surfactants, and initiators all had an influence on polymerization and on the molecular weight of the resulting polymer. The modulus values of the composites were improved, and the stress at break values improved or remained stable up to high carbon nanotube loading (6 wt.%), which further confirmed a good dispersion of carbon nanotubes. The electrical and thermal conductivities were both improved by the addition of carbon nanotubes. The composites were also tested as masterbatches. The electrical percolation threshold was lower with the masterbatch-approach than with the direct extrusion of carbon nanotubes and poly(methyl methacrylate). The viscosities of the melts had a significant influence on the extrusion and thus percolation threshold. en
dc.format.extent Verkkokirja (5800 KB, 68 s.)
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Aalto University en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Aalto University publication series DOCTORAL DISSERTATIONS , 126/2011 en
dc.relation.haspart [Publication 1]: I. Aaltio, M. Lahelin, O. Söderberg, O. Heczko, B. Löfgren, Y. Ge, J. Seppälä, and S.-P. Hannula. 2008. Temperature dependence of the damping properties of Ni–Mn–Ga alloys. Materials Science and Engineering A, volumes 481-482, pages 314-317. © 2007 Elsevier. By permission. en
dc.relation.haspart [Publication 2]: I. Aaltio, K. P. Mohanchandra, O. Heczko, M. Lahelin, Y. Ge, G. P. Carman, O. Söderberg, B. Löfgren, J. Seppälä, and S.-P. Hannula. 2008. Temperature dependence of mechanical damping in Ni–Mn–Ga austenite and non-modulated martensite. Scripta Materialia, volume 59, number 5, pages 550-553. © 2008 Acta Materialia. By permission. en
dc.relation.haspart [Publication 3]: M. Lahelin, I. Aaltio, O. Heczko, O. Söderberg, Y. Ge, B. Löfgren, S.-P. Hannula, and J. Seppälä. 2009. DMA testing of Ni–Mn–Ga/polymer composites. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, volume 40, number 2, pages 125-129. © 2008 Elsevier. By permission. en
dc.relation.haspart [Publication 4]: M. Lahelin, M. Annala, A. Nykänen, J. Ruokolainen, and J. Seppälä. 2011. In situ polymerized nanocomposites: Polystyrene/CNT and Poly(methyl methacrylate)/CNT composites. Composites Science and Technology, volume 71, number 6, pages 900-907. © 2011 Elsevier. By permission. en
dc.relation.haspart [Publication 5]: M. Lahelin, A. Vesterinen, A. Nykänen, J. Ruokolainen, and J. Seppälä. 2011. In situ polymerization of methyl methacrylate/multi-walled carbon nanotube composites using cationic stearyl methacrylate copolymers as dispersants. European Polymer Journal, volume 47, number 5, pages 873-881. © 2011 Elsevier. By permission. en
dc.relation.haspart [Publication 6]: Minna Annala, Mika Lahelin, and Jukka Seppälä. Utilization of PMMA-CNT and PS-CNT in situ polymerized composites as masterbatches for melt mixing. Submitted. en
dc.subject.other Materials science
dc.subject.other Metallurgy
dc.title Studies on polymeric composites with Ni-Mn-Ga alloys and carbon nanotubes en
dc.type G5 Artikkeliväitöskirja fi
dc.contributor.school Kemian tekniikan korkeakoulu fi
dc.contributor.department Biotekniikan ja kemian tekniikan laitos fi
dc.contributor.department Department of Biotechnology and Chemical Technology en
dc.subject.keyword composite en
dc.subject.keyword Ni-Mn-Ga en
dc.subject.keyword damping en
dc.subject.keyword carbon nanotubes en
dc.subject.keyword dispersion en
dc.subject.keyword DMA en
dc.identifier.urn URN:ISBN:978-952-60-4388-3
dc.type.dcmitype text en
dc.type.ontasot Väitöskirja (artikkeli) fi
dc.type.ontasot Doctoral dissertation (article-based) en
dc.contributor.supervisor Seppälä, Jukka, Prof.


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