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Downscaling consumption to universal basic income level falls short of sustainable carbon footprint in Finland

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en
dc.contributor.author Kalaniemi, Salla
dc.contributor.author Ottelin, Juudit
dc.contributor.author Heinonen, Jukka
dc.contributor.author Junnila, Seppo
dc.date.accessioned 2020-10-02T06:23:09Z
dc.date.available 2020-10-02T06:23:09Z
dc.date.issued 2020-12
dc.identifier.citation Kalaniemi , S , Ottelin , J , Heinonen , J & Junnila , S 2020 , ' Downscaling consumption to universal basic income level falls short of sustainable carbon footprint in Finland ' , Environmental Science and Policy , vol. 114 , pp. 377-383 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2020.09.006 en
dc.identifier.issn 1462-9011
dc.identifier.issn 1873-6416
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 47be814e-2195-42aa-b79f-8f036c34ccf2
dc.identifier.other PURE ITEMURL: https://research.aalto.fi/en/publications/47be814e-2195-42aa-b79f-8f036c34ccf2
dc.identifier.other PURE LINK: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85091063831&partnerID=8YFLogxK
dc.identifier.other PURE FILEURL: https://research.aalto.fi/files/51741228/1_s2.0_S1462901119315333_main.pdf
dc.identifier.uri https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/46783
dc.description.abstract Human economic activities and following carbon emissions have been recognized to be a real threat to the environment. The current levels of consumption-based carbon footprints in all developed economies grossly exceed the sustainable level. Scientists have concluded that in addition to technological solutions, downscaling of consumption and far-reaching changes in lifestyles will be needed to achieve environmental sustainability. In this study, we provide a tangible real-world example that reveals the scale of the needed change from a perspective of a European welfare state citizen. Universal basic income (UBI) represents an income that is just enough to fulfil basic needs, such as food, shelter, and medication. In our case country, Finland, UBI is in practice at the same level as the income of the lowest income decile. The purpose of this study is to present and analyse the carbon footprints at a consumption level that corresponds to UBI. We compare the carbon footprints at this low-income level to average Finnish carbon footprints and discuss their sustainability in the light of global carbon budgets. We use an input-output approach based on the Finnish ENVIMAT model. The average carbon footprint at the UBI level is 4.8 tCO2-eq and it focuses on necessities. It's significantly lower than the average carbon footprint in Finland, 9.4 tCO2-eq, but still far from the level compatible with the current climate change mitigation targets. The results emphasize how challenging it is to find true low-carbon solutions for living in affluent countries. Lifestyle changes and technological leaps need to be combined and fostered by legislation. en
dc.format.extent 7
dc.format.extent 377-383
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Elsevier BV
dc.relation.ispartofseries Environmental Science and Policy en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Volume 114 en
dc.rights openAccess en
dc.title Downscaling consumption to universal basic income level falls short of sustainable carbon footprint in Finland en
dc.type A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä fi
dc.description.version Peer reviewed en
dc.contributor.department University of Iceland
dc.contributor.department Department of Built Environment
dc.subject.keyword Carbon budget
dc.subject.keyword Climate change
dc.subject.keyword Degrowth
dc.subject.keyword Greenhouse gas emissions
dc.subject.keyword Input-output analysis
dc.subject.keyword Sustainable consumption
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:aalto-202010025748
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.envsci.2020.09.006
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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