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Adults’ leisure-time physical activity and the neighborhood built environment: a contextual perspective

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en
dc.contributor.author Kajosaari, Anna
dc.contributor.author Laatikainen, Tiina
dc.date.accessioned 2020-09-18T06:46:43Z
dc.date.available 2020-09-18T06:46:43Z
dc.date.issued 2020-09-11
dc.identifier.citation Kajosaari , A & Laatikainen , T 2020 , ' Adults’ leisure-time physical activity and the neighborhood built environment: a contextual perspective ' , International Journal of Health Geographics , vol. 19 , no. 1 , 35 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s12942-020-00227-z en
dc.identifier.issn 1476-072X
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 74ce830b-d6dd-412a-b52a-75b75d5f1ff1
dc.identifier.other PURE ITEMURL: https://research.aalto.fi/en/publications/adults-leisuretime-physical-activity-and-the-neighborhood-built-environment-a-contextual-perspective(74ce830b-d6dd-412a-b52a-75b75d5f1ff1).html
dc.identifier.other PURE LINK: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85090896257&partnerID=8YFLogxK
dc.identifier.other PURE FILEURL: https://research.aalto.fi/files/51425083/s12942_020_00227_z_2.pdf
dc.identifier.uri https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/46510
dc.description.abstract Background: Context-free outcome measures, such as overall leisure-time physical activity (LTPA), are habitually applied to study the neighborhood built environment correlates of physical activity. This cross sectional study identifies and empirically tests potential methodological limitations related to the use of context-free measures and discusses how these may help in the interpretation of inconsistent associations between participation in moderate-to-vigorous LTPA and objectively measured neighborhood-level built environment attributes. Methods: We employ a public participation geographic information system (PPGIS), an advanced participatory mapping method, to study the spatial distribution of moderate-to-vigorous LTPA among adult urban Finnish residents (n 1322). Secondary sources of GIS land-use and sport facility data were used to disaggregate respondent-mapped LTPA by the behavioral context, such as indoor and outdoor sport facilities, green spaces, and other public open spaces. Associations between the use of the identified LTPA settings and a range of objectively measured neighborhood built environment attributes were studied with multilevel logistic regression models. Results: Disaggregated by behavioral context, we observed varied and partly opposite built environment correlates for LTPA. The use of indoor and outdoor sport facilities showed no significant associations with their neighborhood availability, but were significantly associated with personal-level attributes. By contrast, participation in LTPA in green and built public open space shared significant associations with access to and availability of neighborhood green space that persisted after controlling for personal-level covariates. Moreover, neighborhood distances up to 1600 m poorly captured participation in moderate-to-vigorous LTPA, as, on average, 40% of visits were located further from home. However, we found the immediate home environment to be an important LTPA setting for the least active participants. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that LTPA can be a highly heterogeneous measure regarding both the spatial distribution and the environmental correlates of behavioral contexts. The results show that context-free LTPA outcome measures yield inconsistent associations with built environment exposure variables, challenging the applicability of such measures in designing neighborhood-level built environment interventions. en
dc.format.extent 13
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher BioMed Central
dc.relation.ispartofseries International Journal of Health Geographics en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Volume 19, issue 35 en
dc.rights openAccess en
dc.subject.other Computer Science(all) en
dc.subject.other Business, Management and Accounting(all) en
dc.subject.other Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health en
dc.subject.other 1171 Geosciences en
dc.title Adults’ leisure-time physical activity and the neighborhood built environment: a contextual perspective en
dc.type A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä fi
dc.description.version Peer reviewed en
dc.contributor.department Department of Built Environment
dc.contributor.department Spatial Planning and Transportation Engineering
dc.subject.keyword physical activity
dc.subject.keyword public participation GIS
dc.subject.keyword built environment
dc.subject.keyword leisure-rime physical activity
dc.subject.keyword Computer Science(all)
dc.subject.keyword Business, Management and Accounting(all)
dc.subject.keyword Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
dc.subject.keyword 1171 Geosciences
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:aalto-202009185446
dc.identifier.doi 10.1186/s12942-020-00227-z
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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