Surface acoustic wave RFID tags : ideas, developments, and experiments

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en
dc.contributor.author Härmä, Sanna
dc.date.accessioned 2012-08-21T10:56:08Z
dc.date.available 2012-08-21T10:56:08Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.isbn 978-951-22-9743-6
dc.identifier.isbn 978-951-22-9742-9 (printed) #8195;
dc.identifier.issn 1795-4584
dc.identifier.uri https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/4580
dc.description.abstract Radio-frequency identification (RFID) provides an efficient means of labeling and identifying various items. The principal advantage of RFID over the more traditional barcode labeling is that RFID labels are read using a radio signal. Hence, an unobstructed line-of-sight is not needed between the reader and the label. In addition, RFID labels, or tags, can carry a significantly larger amount of information than barcodes. They also are physically robust whereas printed barcodes can easily be smudged or damaged. Furthermore, it is possible to read many RFID tags simultaneously and the presence of a human operator is generally not needed. This dissertation focuses on a type of RFID tag that relies on the surface acoustic wave (SAW) technology. SAW RFID tags are passive devices that reflect the interrogation signal in a form that is modified according to the identification information stored on the tag. In reflector-based SAW RFID tags, the encoding is based on the positions of metallic SAW reflectors on the surface of a piezoelectric substrate. In other words, it is based on the time delays of the reflected signals. The dissertation first discusses the extraction of central SAW reflector parameters and then presents novel SAW RFID tag designs. In the first part of the work, the reflectivity of narrow reflector electrodes on YZ-LiNbO3 substrate is determined. In addition, a new method for extracting the frequency-dependent reflection, transmission, and scattering parameters of short metal reflectors is developed. The second part of the dissertation discusses the design of SAW RFID tags. The main objectives of tag design include the reduction of device size and the enhancement of information capacity. This dissertation presents a Z-path SAW RFID tag that uses two strongly reflecting inclined reflectors to fold the acoustic path. The Z-path SAW tag has a significantly smaller size than previously reported SAW tags. The information capacity of SAW RFID tags is enhanced by combining the conventional time-delay-based encoding with phase encoding. A compact device size and strong resistance to environmental echoes are achieved through the application of ultra-wideband (UWB) radio technology. The feasibility of UWB SAW tags is investigated using simulations and confirmed experimentally. The SAW RFID tags presented in this dissertation are all designed for the 128°-LiNbO3 substrate. en
dc.format.extent Verkkokirja (1342 KB, 60 s.)
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Teknillinen korkeakoulu en
dc.relation.ispartofseries TKK dissertations, 152 en
dc.relation.haspart [Publication 1]: Sanna Härmä, Che-Uk Kim, Sergei M. Balashov, and Victor P. Plessky. 2008. Narrow electrodes on YZ-LiNbO3 as an alternative to etched grooves for dispersive delay lines. IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, volume 55, number 2, pages 494-498. © 2008 IEEE. By permission. en
dc.relation.haspart [Publication 2]: Sanna Härmä and Victor P. Plessky. 2008. Extraction of frequency-dependent reflection, transmission, and scattering parameters for short metal reflectors from FEM-BEM simulations. IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, volume 55, number 4, pages 883-889. © 2008 IEEE. By permission. en
dc.relation.haspart [Publication 3]: Sanna Härmä, Victor P. Plessky, Clinton S. Hartmann, and William Steichen. 2008. Z-path SAW RFID tag. IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, volume 55, number 1, pages 208-213. © 2008 IEEE. By permission. en
dc.relation.haspart [Publication 4]: Sanna Härmä, Wesley G. Arthur, Clinton S. Hartmann, Roman G. Maev, and Victor P. Plessky. 2008. Inline SAW RFID tag using time position and phase encoding. IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, volume 55, number 8, pages 1840-1846. © 2008 IEEE. By permission. en
dc.relation.haspart [Publication 5]: Sanna Härmä, Victor P. Plessky, Xianyi Li, and Paul Hartogh. Feasibility of ultra-wideband SAW RFID tags meeting FCC rules. IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, accepted for publication. © 2009 IEEE. By permission. en
dc.relation.haspart [Errata file]: Errata of publications 3 and 4 en
dc.subject.other Physics en
dc.title Surface acoustic wave RFID tags : ideas, developments, and experiments en
dc.type G5 Artikkeliväitöskirja fi
dc.contributor.department Teknillisen fysiikan laitos fi
dc.subject.keyword surface acoustic waves en
dc.subject.keyword RFID en
dc.identifier.urn URN:ISBN:978-951-22-9743-6
dc.type.dcmitype text en
dc.type.ontasot Väitöskirja (artikkeli) fi
dc.type.ontasot Doctoral dissertation (article-based) en


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