Autonomous Mobility Justice - Building Critical Awareness of a Sociotechnical Transition

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en Blyth, Pascale-L. 2020-06-12T09:00:11Z 2020-06-12T09:00:11Z 2020
dc.identifier.isbn 978-952-60-3947-3 (electronic)
dc.identifier.isbn 978-952-60-3946-6 (printed)
dc.identifier.issn 1799-4942 (electronic)
dc.identifier.issn 1799-4934 (printed)
dc.identifier.issn 1799-4934 (ISSN-L)
dc.description.abstract The self-driving vehicle (SDV) represents a new era of vehicle systems, where part or all of thedriver's actions may be removed by means of a combination of new technologies. As data reshapestransport networks and geographies by creating new practices and markets, a sociotechnicaltransition to autonomous mobility has complex social, technical, economic and politicaldimensions, presenting urban planners, local and regional governments, research organizationsand society with unique challenges in mobility justice. This dissertation investigates autonomous mobility justice. Drawing from the body of researchon sociotechnical transitions, it investigates the transition from the perspective of the diverseecology of autonomous mobility intermediaries involved in or concerned by the transition inFinland, and its capital, Helsinki---representing the result of a Finnish innovation policy promotingthe development of digitalization and "smart economy". Inspired by a phronetic research approachin planning, and a revealing Danish investigation of shared mobility as a sociotechnical transition,the empirical part of the dissertation consists of 30 semistructured interviews with 31 Finnishintermediaries. Drawing from a theoretical frame that includes political theory of technology and a geographicalinterpretation of the Foucauldian conceptualization of modern power, a thematic analysis revealsthe power relations between self-driving vehicle technology, the built environment and institutionaland human actors in the transition. The dissertation finds the need for an expanded technological design horizon, that encompassesthe societal implications of the emerging technology. From the empirical enquiry, it finds that thesociotechnical transition may inscribe spatial rationalities of government and moralities on thebuilt environment that are indicative of mobility injustice. Moreover, it finds that while thetechnology has several domination transcripts, other intermediaries have expressed hiddentranscripts of resistance. The implications for planners and policy-makers are that autonomousvehicle technology may reshape the built environment, space and society in inperceptible waysbeyond just the street level. en
dc.format.extent 60 + app. 64
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Aalto University en
dc.publisher Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.relation.ispartofseries Aalto University publication series DOCTORAL DISSERTATIONS en
dc.relation.ispartofseries 101/2020
dc.relation.haspart [Publication 1]: Blyth, Pascale-L; Mladenovic´, Miloš N.; Nardi, Bonnie A.; Ekbia, Hamid R.; Su, Norman M. Expanding the Design Horizon for Self-Driving Vehicles: Distributing Benefits and Burdens. IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, 44–49, September 2016. DOI: 10.1109/MTS.2016.2593199
dc.relation.haspart [Publication 2]: Nielsen, Jesper Riber; Hovmøller, Harald; Blyth, Pascale-L.; Sovacool, Benjamin K. Of “White Crows” And “Cash Savers:” A Qualitative Study Of Travel Behavior And Perceptions Of Ridesharing In Denmark. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Volume 78, 113–123, September 2015. DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2015.04.033
dc.relation.haspart [Publication 3]: Blyth, Pascale-L. Autonomous Mobility Justice in the Situated Finnish Context: A Foucauldian Perspective on Technology, Power, and Morality. Accepted for publication in Energy Research & Social Science, April 2020
dc.relation.haspart [Publication 4]: Blyth, Pascale-L. Of Cyberliberation And Forbidden Fornication: Hidden Transcripts Of Autonomous Mobility in Finland. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, Volume 71, 236–247, June 2019. Full text in Acris/Aaltodoc: DOI: 10.1016/j.trd.2018.12.002
dc.relation.haspart [Errata file]: Errata of P. 4
dc.subject.other Environmental science en
dc.title Autonomous Mobility Justice - Building Critical Awareness of a Sociotechnical Transition en
dc.type G5 Artikkeliväitöskirja fi Insinööritieteiden korkeakoulu fi School of Engineering en
dc.contributor.department Rakennetun ympäristön laitos fi
dc.contributor.department Department of Built Environment en
dc.subject.keyword self-driving vehicle en
dc.subject.keyword technology en
dc.subject.keyword power en
dc.subject.keyword intermediaries en
dc.subject.keyword spatial rationality en
dc.identifier.urn URN:ISBN:978-952-60-3947-3
dc.type.dcmitype text en
dc.type.ontasot Doctoral dissertation (article-based) en
dc.type.ontasot Väitöskirja (artikkeli) fi
dc.contributor.supervisor Mäntysalo, Raine, Prof., Aalto University, Department of Built Environment, Finland
dc.opn Mullen, Caroline, Dr., University of Leeds, UK
dc.contributor.lab Spatial Planning and Transportation Engineering en
dc.rev Ryghaug, Marianne, Prof., Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway
dc.rev Richardson, Tim, Prof., Norwegian University of the Life Sciences (NMBU), Norway 2020-06-26
local.aalto.formfolder 2020_06_12_klo_10_51
local.aalto.archive yes

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