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Clarifying the Concept of Well-Being

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en
dc.contributor.author Martela, Frank
dc.contributor.author Sheldon, Kennon M.
dc.date.accessioned 2020-02-03T08:59:59Z
dc.date.available 2020-02-03T08:59:59Z
dc.date.issued 2019-12
dc.identifier.citation Martela , F & Sheldon , K M 2019 , ' Clarifying the Concept of Well-Being : Psychological Need Satisfaction as the Common Core Connecting Eudaimonic and Subjective Well-Being ' , REVIEW OF GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY , vol. 23 , no. 4 , pp. 458-474 . https://doi.org/10.1177/1089268019880886 en
dc.identifier.issn 1089-2680
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 49998c82-03fe-42c0-846a-8bf0cf9c16a8
dc.identifier.other PURE ITEMURL: https://research.aalto.fi/en/publications/clarifying-the-concept-of-wellbeing(49998c82-03fe-42c0-846a-8bf0cf9c16a8).html
dc.identifier.other PURE FILEURL: https://research.aalto.fi/files/40601981/SCI_MartelaSheldon2019_ClarifyingTheConceptOfWell_Being_Postprint.pdf
dc.identifier.uri https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/42900
dc.description.abstract Interest in the experience of well-being, as both a research topic and as a policy goal, has significantly increased in recent decades. Although subjective well-being (SWB)-composed of positive affect, low negative affect, and life satisfaction-is the most commonly used measure of well-being, many experts have argued that another important dimension of well-being, often referred to as eudaimonic well-being (EWB), should be measured alongside SWB. EWB, however, has been operationalized in at least 45 different ways, using measures of at least 63 different constructs. These diverse measurement strategies often have little overlap, leading to discrepant results and making the findings of different studies difficult to compare. Building on the Eudaimonic Activity Model, we propose a tripartite conception of well-being, distinguishing between eudaimonic motives/activities, psychological need satisfaction, and SWB, arguing that the needs category provides a parsimonious set of elements at the core of the well-beingconstruct. Based on the self-determination theory claim that all human beings share evolved psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness, we show that satisfaction of all three needs directly affect SWB and other health and wellness outcomes, can efficiently explain the effects of various behaviors and conditions upon well-being outcomes, and are universally impactful across cultures. We conclude that routinely measuring psychological needs alongside SWB within national and international surveys would give policymakers a parsimonious way to assess eudaimonic dimensions of wellness and provide powerful mediator variables for explaining how various cultural, economic, and social factors concretely affect citizens' well-being and health. en
dc.format.extent 17
dc.format.extent 458-474
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher American Psychological Association Inc.
dc.relation.ispartofseries REVIEW OF GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Volume 23, issue 4 en
dc.rights openAccess en
dc.title Clarifying the Concept of Well-Being en
dc.type A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä fi
dc.description.version Peer reviewed en
dc.contributor.department Department of Industrial Engineering and Management
dc.contributor.department Higher School of Economics
dc.subject.keyword eudaimonic well-being
dc.subject.keyword positive functioning
dc.subject.keyword psychological needs
dc.subject.keyword self-determination theory
dc.subject.keyword subjective well-being
dc.subject.keyword SELF-DETERMINATION THEORY
dc.subject.keyword DETERMINATION THEORY PERSPECTIVE
dc.subject.keyword CROSS-SECTIONAL ANALYSES
dc.subject.keyword INCOME INEQUALITY
dc.subject.keyword LONGITUDINAL TEST
dc.subject.keyword SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS
dc.subject.keyword POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY
dc.subject.keyword PROSOCIAL BEHAVIOR
dc.subject.keyword HAPPINESS
dc.subject.keyword LIFE
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:aalto-202002031979
dc.identifier.doi 10.1177/1089268019880886
dc.type.version acceptedVersion


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