The demanding quest for harmony : China's polarizing freshwater resilience map

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en Varis, Olli Kummu, Matti 2019-06-20T13:12:38Z 2019-06-20T13:12:38Z 2019-05-13
dc.identifier.citation Varis , O & Kummu , M 2019 , ' The demanding quest for harmony : China's polarizing freshwater resilience map ' Environmental Research Letters , vol. 14 , no. 5 , 054015 . en
dc.identifier.issn 1748-9326
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 1cc5ddc4-4f5b-46e8-bceb-3ac859a39d6f
dc.identifier.other PURE ITEMURL:
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dc.description.abstract China's millennial quest for harmony between nature and humanity is as important today as it has always been. Today's challenges are momentous; but at the same time, China's capacity to cope with them is strengthening rapidly. We analyse China's freshwaters using the social-ecological systems approach in a novel way. Quantitative, globally-scaled indicators for freshwater vulnerability, adaptive capacity (AC) and resilience, and their temporal evolution from 1990-2015, are analysed spatially. China's AC (governance, economy and human development) represents heterogeneity, levelling close to the global range's mean level. Coastal areas are somewhat better off than other parts. In turn, ecological vulnerability (EV) (environmental footprint, natural hazards, water scarcity) shows more pronounced contrasts across China. The human footprint and natural hazards are greatest in the east and the lowest in the west, whereas water-scarcity woes stand out in the North China Plain and Xinjiang. The North China Plain (above all the Huang basin) is particularly challenging, yet the AC there has grown fast and therefore resilience has started to grow. Nevertheless, China's capacity is now growing rapidly, allowing improvements in resilience in large parts of the country. It may provide an opportunity for changing the tide in the most challenging areas, too, but requires continuous and massive commitment. Yet China still showed a polarizing development in the years 1990-2015 in terms of spatial development in AC, EV and resilience, meaning that the diversity and heterogeneity of the country have continued to grow. en
dc.format.extent 9
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Environmental Research Letters en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Volume 14, issue 5 en
dc.rights openAccess en
dc.subject.other Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health en
dc.subject.other Environmental Science(all) en
dc.subject.other Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment en
dc.subject.other 218 Environmental engineering en
dc.subject.other water en
dc.title The demanding quest for harmony : China's polarizing freshwater resilience map en
dc.type A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä fi
dc.description.version Peer reviewed en
dc.contributor.department Department of Built Environment
dc.subject.keyword adaptive capacity
dc.subject.keyword China
dc.subject.keyword resilience
dc.subject.keyword river basins
dc.subject.keyword vulnerability
dc.subject.keyword water
dc.subject.keyword VULNERABILITY
dc.subject.keyword Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
dc.subject.keyword Environmental Science(all)
dc.subject.keyword Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
dc.subject.keyword 218 Environmental engineering
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:aalto-201906203867
dc.identifier.doi 10.1088/1748-9326/ab1040
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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