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Are LEED-certified buildings energy-efficient in practice?

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en
dc.contributor.author Amiri, Ali
dc.contributor.author Ottelin, Juudit
dc.contributor.author Sorvari, Jaana
dc.date.accessioned 2019-05-06T09:23:12Z
dc.date.available 2019-05-06T09:23:12Z
dc.date.issued 2019-03-20
dc.identifier.citation Amiri , A , Ottelin , J & Sorvari , J 2019 , ' Are LEED-certified buildings energy-efficient in practice? ' , Sustainability (Switzerland) , vol. 11 , no. 6 , 1672 . https://doi.org/10.3390/su11061672 en
dc.identifier.issn 2071-1050
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: ca2decb8-4d75-4c84-811d-cbc6db3d5743
dc.identifier.other PURE ITEMURL: https://research.aalto.fi/en/publications/ca2decb8-4d75-4c84-811d-cbc6db3d5743
dc.identifier.other PURE LINK: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85063510371&partnerID=8YFLogxK
dc.identifier.other PURE FILEURL: https://research.aalto.fi/files/32925691/sustainability_11_01672.pdf
dc.identifier.uri https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/37768
dc.description.abstract Depletion of natural resources and climate change are undoubtedly the biggest challenges that humankind faces today. Here, buildings have a crucial role since they consume the majority, i.e., 30% to 40% of the total energy resources. Green building certification is one of the solutions to limit the energy use in buildings. In addition, it is seen to indicate a consideration for sustainability aspects in construction. LEED is the most widely used certificate worldwide. However, recently some critics have raised doubts about LEED and whether it actually implies sustainability. Most of the criticism has been targeted to the energy aspects of LEED. Nevertheless, there is no consensus on the usefulness of LEED: is it really beneficial for the environment, and is it worth of the money and time invested on the certification process? In this study a critical analysis of the literature to find an answer to this question is presented. Altogether 44 peer reviewed articles dealing with the abovementioned issue were selected out of 164 search result. Based on the studied material, the different aspects of LEED from the viewpoint of energy-efficiency are discussed. From the 44 reviewed articles, ten articles state that LEED certificate indicates energy efficiency while eight papers end up with an opposite conclusion. The rest of the papers do not take any stand on this matter. The study showed that energy efficiency of LEED-certified buildings is questionable especially at lower levels, i.e., certified. Therefore, it is recommended to modify the Energy and Atmosphere category of LEED in order to improve the actual energy performance of buildings. en
dc.format.extent 14
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher MDPI AG
dc.relation.ispartofseries Sustainability (Switzerland) en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Volume 11, issue 6 en
dc.rights openAccess en
dc.title Are LEED-certified buildings energy-efficient in practice? en
dc.type A2 Katsausartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä fi
dc.description.version Peer reviewed en
dc.contributor.department Department of Built Environment
dc.subject.keyword Energy performance
dc.subject.keyword Green building
dc.subject.keyword Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design
dc.subject.keyword Review
dc.subject.keyword Sustainable construction
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:aalto-201905062886
dc.identifier.doi 10.3390/su11061672
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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