Dynamics of brain activation during learning of syllable-symbol paired associations

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en
dc.contributor.author Hämäläinen, Jarmo A.
dc.contributor.author Parviainen, Tiina
dc.contributor.author Hsu, Yi Fang
dc.contributor.author Salmelin, Riitta
dc.date.accessioned 2019-05-06T09:21:27Z
dc.date.available 2019-05-06T09:21:27Z
dc.date.issued 2019-06-01
dc.identifier.citation Hämäläinen , J A , Parviainen , T , Hsu , Y F & Salmelin , R 2019 , ' Dynamics of brain activation during learning of syllable-symbol paired associations ' Neuropsychologia , vol. 129 , pp. 93-103 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.03.016 en
dc.identifier.issn 0028-3932
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: adab0541-df97-4cee-a8b1-5c8be744ce99
dc.identifier.other PURE ITEMURL: https://research.aalto.fi/en/publications/dynamics-of-brain-activation-during-learning-of-syllablesymbol-paired-associations(adab0541-df97-4cee-a8b1-5c8be744ce99).html
dc.identifier.other PURE LINK: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85063642949&partnerID=8YFLogxK
dc.identifier.uri https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/37747
dc.description | openaire: EC/H2020/641652/EU//ChildBrain
dc.description.abstract Initial stages of reading acquisition require the learning of letter and speech sound combinations. While the long-term effects of audio-visual learning are rather well studied, relatively little is known about the short-term learning effects at the brain level. Here we examined the cortical dynamics of short-term learning using magnetoencephalography (MEG) and electroencephalography (EEG) in two experiments that respectively addressed active and passive learning of the association between shown symbols and heard syllables. In experiment 1, learning was based on feedback provided after each trial. The learning of the audio-visual associations was contrasted with items for which the feedback was meaningless. In experiment 2, learning was based on statistical learning through passive exposure to audio-visual stimuli that were consistently presented with each other and contrasted with audio-visual stimuli that were randomly paired with each other. After 5–10 min of training and exposure, learning-related changesemerged in neural activation around 200 and 350 ms in the two experiments. The MEG results showed activity changes at 350 ms in caudal middle frontal cortex and posterior superior temporal sulcus, and at 500 ms in temporo-occipital cortex. Changes in brain activity coincided with a decrease in reaction times and an increase in accuracy scores. Changes in EEG activity were observed starting at the auditory P2 response followed by later changes after 300 ms. The results show that the short-term learning effects emerge rapidly (manifesting in later stages of audio-visual integration processes) and that these effects are modulated by selective attention processes. en
dc.format.extent 11
dc.format.extent 93-103
dc.language.iso en en
dc.relation info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/641652/EU//ChildBrain
dc.relation.ispartofseries Neuropsychologia en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Volume 129 en
dc.rights embargoedAccess en
dc.subject.other Experimental and Cognitive Psychology en
dc.subject.other Cognitive Neuroscience en
dc.subject.other Behavioral Neuroscience en
dc.subject.other 3112 Neurosciences en
dc.title Dynamics of brain activation during learning of syllable-symbol paired associations en
dc.type A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä fi
dc.description.version Peer reviewed en
dc.contributor.department University of Jyväskylä
dc.contributor.department National Taiwan Normal University
dc.contributor.department Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering
dc.subject.keyword Audio-visual
dc.subject.keyword Electroencephalography
dc.subject.keyword Learning
dc.subject.keyword Magnetoencephalography
dc.subject.keyword Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
dc.subject.keyword Cognitive Neuroscience
dc.subject.keyword Behavioral Neuroscience
dc.subject.keyword 3112 Neurosciences
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:aalto-201905062865
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.03.016
dc.date.embargo info:eu-repo/date/embargoEnd/2020-10-01

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