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Children and gender inequality: evidence from Finland

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dc.contributor Aalto University en
dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor.advisor Huttunen, Kristiina
dc.contributor.author Kekarainen, Henrik
dc.date.accessioned 2019-04-21T16:06:30Z
dc.date.available 2019-04-21T16:06:30Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.uri https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/37542
dc.description.abstract This thesis studies the impact of the arrival of the first child on the labor market outcomes of women and men in Finland. Using Finnish registry data from 1988-2015 on parents who had their first child between 1993-2005 and an event study method I show that the impact of children on women is negative, large and persistent while men are almost completely unaffected. Up to five years before the birth of the first child there is little difference in labor market outcomes of men and women, but one year after the birth of women's' annual labor earnings drop by 61 %, total annual income by 30 % and participation rate by 26 % compared to year before the birth. The child penalty, the percentage by which women fall behind men due to children, in annual labor earnings after ten years equals to 21 %, 10.4 % for participation rate and 16.9 % for total annual income. The child penalties are persistent for all three outcomes even 20 years after the birth. When comparing men with and without children there is no visible difference in the development of labor market outcomes but women with children experience a significant drop in earnings and participation rate compared to women without children. en
dc.format.extent 44 + 14
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.title Children and gender inequality: evidence from Finland en
dc.type G2 Pro gradu, diplomityö fi
dc.contributor.school Kauppakorkeakoulu fi
dc.contributor.school School of Business en
dc.contributor.department Taloustieteen laitos fi
dc.subject.keyword economics en
dc.subject.keyword wage gap en
dc.subject.keyword gender wage gap en
dc.subject.keyword Finland en
dc.subject.keyword children en
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:aalto-201904212661
dc.type.ontasot Master's thesis en
dc.type.ontasot Maisterin opinnäyte fi
dc.programme Economics en
dc.location P1 I fi
local.aalto.electroniconly yes
local.aalto.openaccess yes


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