Changing family structure and income inequality in Finland 1990-2009 - a decomposition analysis

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dc.contributor Aalto University en
dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor.author Jokimäki, Hanna
dc.date.accessioned 2012-03-29T01:30:30Z
dc.date.available 2012-03-29T01:30:30Z
dc.date.issued 2012
dc.identifier.uri https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/3462
dc.description.abstract OBJECTIVES This thesis examines how demographic shifts in population have affected distribution of income in Finland during 1990–2009. Attention is given to changes in family structure: increased number of couples without children, decreased number of couples with children, growth of households of one and aging of population. DATA AND METHODOLOGY Income distribution survey data from Statistics Finland for years 1990–2009 is used in the analysis. Inequality is measured for equivalent disposable income. Three indices from generalized entropy family are used as measures for inequality. Inequality is decomposed by population subgroups to describe inequality within household groups and between household groups. A decomposition of changes in inequality is used to study how much shifts in family structure account for changes in inequality. Inequality is also decomposed by income sources to describe relative roles of earned incomes, capital incomes, received transfers and taxes in comprising of inequality. RESULTS The results show that most of inequality is caused by inequality within household groups and a minor part is caused by differences between household groups. Changes in family and household structure have had a minor role for increase of income inequality. Changes in household structure have affected inequality increasingly but they caused only small proportion of total increase. Results of earlier research are confirmed about increased role of capital incomes as explaining overall inequality. The changes in upper part of income distribution have been important factor for changes in inequality. en
dc.format.extent 73
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.title Changing family structure and income inequality in Finland 1990-2009 - a decomposition analysis en
dc.type G2 Pro gradu, diplomityö fi
dc.contributor.school Kauppakorkeakoulu fi
dc.contributor.school School of Economics en
dc.contributor.department Department of Economics en
dc.contributor.department Taloustieteen laitos fi
dc.subject.keyword income inequality
dc.subject.keyword income distribution
dc.subject.keyword decomposition method
dc.subject.keyword generalized entropy indices
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:aalto-201203301688
dc.type.dcmitype text en
dc.programme.major Economics en
dc.programme.major Kansantaloustiede fi
dc.type.ontasot Master's thesis en
dc.type.ontasot Pro gradu tutkielma fi
dc.subject.helecon kansantaloustiede
dc.subject.helecon economics
dc.subject.helecon kansantalous
dc.subject.helecon national economy
dc.subject.helecon kotitaloudet
dc.subject.helecon households
dc.subject.helecon perhe
dc.subject.helecon families
dc.subject.helecon tulot
dc.subject.helecon incomes
dc.subject.helecon tasa-arvo
dc.subject.helecon equality
dc.ethesisid 12763
dc.date.dateaccepted 2012-03-12
dc.location P1 I


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