Understanding Europeanisation from Within - The Interpretation, Implementation and Instrumentalisation of European Spatial Planning in Austria and Finland

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en
dc.contributor.advisor Mattila, Hanna, Dr., Aalto University, Department of Built Environment, Finland
dc.contributor.advisor Humer, Alois, Dr., Aalto University, Department of Built Environment, Finland
dc.contributor.author Purkarthofer, Eva
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-09T10:03:26Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-09T10:03:26Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.isbn 978-952-60-8268-4 (electronic)
dc.identifier.isbn 978-952-60-8267-7 (printed)
dc.identifier.issn 1799-4942 (electronic)
dc.identifier.issn 1799-4934 (printed)
dc.identifier.issn 1799-4934 (ISSN-L)
dc.identifier.uri https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/34575
dc.description.abstract Despite more than two decades of debate about European planning policies, the ways in which the European Union affects urban and regional planning in its member states remain ambiguous. Under the terms Europeanisation, European spatial planning and territorial cohesion, researchers have investigated activities at the European level and, to a lesser degree, their effects in different countries. However, a focus on the legal status of policies and the issue of competences between the EU and its member states often prevents research from picturing the outcomes of European policies accurately. This dissertation thus suggests understanding Europeanisation from within and asks how  domestic actors interpret, implement and instrumentalise European spatial planning. Interpretation here asks which European policies, programmes and documents the domestic actors consider relevant for spatial planning. Implementation and instrumentalisation address the domestic applications of European spatial planning, i.e. how actors respond to European inputs. The dissertation highlights how actors both implement European policies according to European level intentions, and instrumentalise them to support their own policy goals and interests. To answer these questions, this dissertation presents a conceptual framework that understands European spatial planning as a broad and multi-faceted process that includes both intergovernmental and supranational policies, recognises three types of policy intervention (regulatory, remunerative and discursive) and investigates the influences of European spatial planning at different spatial scales. In order to gain a rounded understanding of the outcomes of European policies, special attention is paid to soft spaces and soft planning processes that lie outside the statutory planning systems. Based on expert interviews, this dissertation presents examples of the interpretation, implementation and instrumentalisation of European spatial planning in Austria and Finland. The findings suggest that Europeanisation is an active, spatial, contextual and complex process. Domestic actors and their institutional practices play a crucial role in determining the outcomes of European spatial planning. They can ascribe importance to "soft policies" such as European strategy documents and they can tie policy interventions to planning practice that lie outside the subject area of planning, as happens in the course of EU Cohesion Policy. Moreover, Europeanisation is a spatial process supporting for instance the creation of new soft spaces. The comparison between Austria and Finland suggests further that Europeanisation is highly contextual, as language, education, administrative structures and legal frameworks delineate the scope of action and the self-conception of actors in different national, regional and local contexts. en
dc.format.extent 89 + app. 89
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Aalto University en
dc.publisher Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.relation.ispartofseries Aalto University publication series DOCTORAL DISSERTATIONS en
dc.relation.ispartofseries 212/2018
dc.relation.haspart [Publication 1]: Purkarthofer, Eva. When soft planning and hard planning meet: Conceptualising the encounter of European, national and sub-national planning. European Journal of Spatial Development, 2016, 61. Full Text in Acris/Aaltodoc: http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:aalto-201610124807.
dc.relation.haspart [Publication 2]: Purkarthofer, Eva. Diminishing borders and conflating spaces in Europe: A storyline to promote soft planning scales. European Planning Studies, 2018, volume 26, issue 5, pp. 1008-1027. DOI: 10.1080/09654313.2018.1430750
dc.relation.haspart [Publication 3]: Purkarthofer, Eva. Investigating the partnership approach in the EU Urban Agenda from the perspective of soft planning. European Planning Studies. 2018. Full Text in Acris/Aaltodoc: http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:aalto-201810165383. DOI: 10.1080/09654313.2018.1527294
dc.relation.haspart [Publication 4]: Purkarthofer, Eva; Mattila, Hanna. Integrating regional development and planning into “spatial planning” in Finland: The untapped potential of the Kainuu experiment. Administrative Culture, 2018, volume 18, issue 2, pp. 149-174. Full Text in Acris/Aaltodoc: http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:aalto-201805222421.
dc.subject.other Environmental science en
dc.subject.other Real estate en
dc.subject.other Regional planning en
dc.title Understanding Europeanisation from Within - The Interpretation, Implementation and Instrumentalisation of European Spatial Planning in Austria and Finland en
dc.type G5 Artikkeliväitöskirja fi
dc.contributor.school Insinööritieteiden korkeakoulu fi
dc.contributor.school School of Engineering en
dc.contributor.department Rakennetun ympäristön laitos fi
dc.contributor.department Department of Built Environment en
dc.subject.keyword european spatial planning en
dc.subject.keyword spatial develoment en
dc.subject.keyword soft space en
dc.subject.keyword urban and regional planning en
dc.subject.keyword regional development en
dc.subject.keyword European Union en
dc.identifier.urn URN:ISBN:978-952-60-8268-4
dc.type.dcmitype text en
dc.type.ontasot Doctoral dissertation (article-based) en
dc.type.ontasot Väitöskirja (artikkeli) fi
dc.contributor.supervisor Mäntysalo, Raine, Prof., Aalto University, Department of Built Environment, Finland
dc.opn Cotella, Giancarlo, Asst. Prof., Politecnico di Torino, Italy
dc.contributor.lab Spatial Planning and Transportation Engineering en
dc.rev Faludi, Andreas, Prof., TU Delft, Netherlands
dc.rev Sykes, Olivier, Dr., University of Liverpool, UK
dc.date.defence 2018-11-30
local.aalto.acrisexportstatus checked 2019-02-20_1629

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