Learning Centre

Essays on Family Economics and Human Capital Development

 |  Login

Show simple item record

dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en
dc.contributor.advisor Bagues, Manuel, Prof., University of Warwick, UK
dc.contributor.advisor Terviö, Marko, Prof., Aalto University, Finland
dc.contributor.author Riukula, Krista
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-09T10:03:23Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-09T10:03:23Z
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.isbn 978-952-60-8247-9 (Aalto, electronic)
dc.identifier.isbn 978-952-60-8246-2 (Aalto, printed)
dc.identifier.isbn 978-951-628-712-9 (ETLA, electronic)
dc.identifier.isbn 978-951-628-711-2 (ETLA, printed)
dc.identifier.issn 1799-4942 (Aalto, electronic)
dc.identifier.issn 1799-4934 (Aalto, printed)
dc.identifier.issn 1799-4934 (Aalto, ISSN-L)
dc.identifier.issn 0356-7435 (ETLA, printed)
dc.identifier.issn 0356-7435 (ETLA, ISSN-L)
dc.identifier.uri https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/34574
dc.description.abstract This dissertation consists of three essays on family economics and human capital development.  In the first essay, I estimate the effect of screening for gestational diabetes on birth outcomes using a regression discontinuity design and exploiting exogenous variation in screening at the overweight threshold of the body mass index. I do not find an impact of screening for gestational diabetes on birth outcomes, i.e. birth weight and cesarean section related outcomes. An additional analysis using a differences-in-differences framework and the introduction of the policy provides suggesting evidence that expanding the screening to overweight mothers (otherwise not prone to developing gestational diabetes) did not have an effect on birth outcomes. The second essay, which is joint-work with Kristiina Huttunen studies the impact of parental job loss on children's schooling choices. We use administrative data from Finland that allows us to follow all family members for over 20 years. Our results show that father's job loss decreases the likelihood that a child chooses the same study choice as the parent. Children of displaced fathers are also more likely to choose a "safer" field in terms of employment prospects. We find no impact on children's outcomes measured before schooling choices are made, such as crime and school grades. The results suggest that children's schooling decisions are an important mechanism through which childhood shocks can affect later life outcomes. In the third essay, I study the effect of the Finnish child home care allowance, for which parents with children aged 1-to-3-years are eligible, on marital stability. I use variation across regions and over time in the allowance created by the municipal supplement to identify the causal effect. I find that child home care allowance has a modest positive effect on marital stability in the long-run. A 100 euros increase in the supplement increases the probability that the mother has the same spouse ten years later by 0.8 %. Further analysis shows that the mechanism varies depending on how the mother would have behaved in the absence of the municipal supplement. For those who are more likely to stay at home even in the absence of the municipal supplement, the supplement has no effect on the employment or take-up in the short-run, but has instead, a positive effect on income. For this group, I find a positive effect on marital stability both in the short-run (4.6 %) and in the long-run (4.3 %). For those who are possibly pushed into taking home care allowance by the municipal supplement, I find a long-lasting decrease in employment, and a modest positive effect on marital stability that shows up later (0.5 %). en
dc.format.extent 22 + app. 132
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Aalto University en
dc.publisher Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.relation.ispartofseries Aalto University publication series DOCTORAL DISSERTATIONS en
dc.relation.ispartofseries 204/2018
dc.relation.ispartofseries ETLA. Sarja A en
dc.relation.ispartofseries 50
dc.relation.haspart [Publication 1]: Krista Riukula: The Effect of Screening for Gestational Diabetes on Birth Outcomes. Unpublished manuscript.
dc.relation.haspart [Publication 2]: Krista Riukula, Kristiina Huttunen: Parental Job Loss and Children’s Schooling Choices. Unpublished manuscript.
dc.relation.haspart [Publication 3]: Krista Riukula: Stay Home and Stay Married? The Effect of Child Home Care Allowance on Marital Stability. Unpublished manuscript.
dc.subject.other Economics en
dc.title Essays on Family Economics and Human Capital Development en
dc.type G5 Artikkeliväitöskirja fi
dc.contributor.school Kauppakorkeakoulu fi
dc.contributor.school School of Business en
dc.contributor.department Taloustieteen laitos fi
dc.contributor.department Department of Economics en
dc.subject.keyword human capital en
dc.subject.keyword family economics regression discontinuity en
dc.subject.keyword gestational diabetes screening en
dc.subject.keyword preventive care en
dc.subject.keyword birth outcomes en
dc.subject.keyword job loss en
dc.subject.keyword schooling choice en
dc.subject.keyword childhood income en
dc.subject.keyword henkinen pääoma fi
dc.subject.keyword kotitaloudet fi
dc.subject.keyword perhe fi
dc.subject.keyword terveystalous fi
dc.subject.keyword työ fi
dc.subject.keyword koulutus fi
dc.subject.keyword tulot fi
dc.identifier.urn URN:ISBN:978-952-60-8247-9
dc.type.dcmitype text en
dc.type.ontasot Doctoral dissertation (article-based) en
dc.type.ontasot Väitöskirja (artikkeli) fi
dc.contributor.supervisor Huttunen, Kristiina, Prof., VATT Institute for Economic Research, Finland
dc.opn González, Libertad, Prof., Universitad Pompeu Fabra, Spain
dc.rev Løken, Katrine, Prof., Norwegian School of Economics, Norway
dc.rev Terviö, Marko, Prof., Aalto University, Finland
local.aalto.acrisexportstatus checked 2019-03-07_1633
local.aalto.formfolder 2018_11_08_klo_15_33
local.aalto.archive yes

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search archive

Advanced Search

article-iconSubmit a publication