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Finland's dependence on Russian energy-mutually beneficial trade relations or an energy security threat?

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en
dc.contributor.author Jääskeläinen, Jaakko J.
dc.contributor.author Höysniemi, Sakari
dc.contributor.author Syri, Sanna
dc.contributor.author Tynkkynen, Veli Pekka
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-02T08:44:00Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-02T08:44:00Z
dc.date.issued 2018-01-01
dc.identifier.citation Jääskeläinen , J J , Höysniemi , S , Syri , S & Tynkkynen , V P 2018 , ' Finland's dependence on Russian energy-mutually beneficial trade relations or an energy security threat? ' , Sustainability (Switzerland) , vol. 10 , no. 10 , 3445 . https://doi.org/10.3390/su10103445 en
dc.identifier.issn 2071-1050
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 4ab46364-9277-4a8d-8a6c-2647a800c64d
dc.identifier.other PURE ITEMURL: https://research.aalto.fi/en/publications/4ab46364-9277-4a8d-8a6c-2647a800c64d
dc.identifier.other PURE LINK: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85054645975&partnerID=8YFLogxK
dc.identifier.other PURE FILEURL: https://research.aalto.fi/files/29023147/ENG_J_skel_inen_Jaakko_J_Finlands_Dependence_on_Russian_Sustainability.pdf
dc.identifier.uri https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/34517
dc.description.abstract Studies on energy security in the context of relations between European Union (EU) and Russia tend to focus on cases, with an open conflict related to supply, such as "hard" energy weapons, or on only one fuel, often natural gas. However, there is a need to understand the long-term impacts that energy relations have politically, economically and physically, and their linkages between resilience, sustainability and security. We analyse the Finnish-Russian energy relations as a case study, as they are characterised by a non-conflictual relationship. To assess this complex relationship, we apply the interdependence framework to analyse both the energy systems and energy strategies of Finland and Russia, and the energy security issues related to the notable import dependence on one supplier. Moreover, we analyse the plausible development of the energy trade between the countries in three different energy policy scenarios until 2040. The findings of the article shed light on how the trends in energy markets, climate change mitigation and broader societal and political trends could influence Russia's energy trade relations with countries, such as Finland. Our analysis shows that Finland's dependence on primary energy imports does not pose an acute energy security threat in terms of sheer supply, and the dependence is unlikely to worsen in the future. However, due to the difficulty in anticipating societal, political, and economic trends, there are possible developments that could affect Finland. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Sustainability (Switzerland) en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Volume 10, issue 10 en
dc.rights openAccess en
dc.title Finland's dependence on Russian energy-mutually beneficial trade relations or an energy security threat? en
dc.type A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä fi
dc.description.version Peer reviewed en
dc.contributor.department Department of Mechanical Engineering
dc.contributor.department University of Helsinki
dc.subject.keyword Energy policy
dc.subject.keyword Energy security
dc.subject.keyword Energy trade
dc.subject.keyword Finland
dc.subject.keyword Import dependence
dc.subject.keyword Russia
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:aalto-201811025570
dc.identifier.doi 10.3390/su10103445
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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