The cultural antecedents of the veil in the Persian Gulf, Iran

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dc.contributor Aalto University en
dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor.advisor Bunyan, Claire Geramizadegan, Laya 2018-06-28T13:00:50Z 2018-06-28T13:00:50Z 2018
dc.description.abstract This Costume Design Master’s Thesis, The Cultural Antecedents of the Veil in the Persian Gulf, Iran has been undertaken within the Department of Film, Television and Scenography at Aalto University, supervised by Professor Sofia Pantouvaki (Aalto University) and Dr Claire Bunyan (London College of Fashion, UAL). It comprises an in-depth analysis of the cultural anthropologies influencing women’s adoption of hijab at legal, societal, and individual levels in particular part of Iran. It explores the history of hijab in an Islamic society by looking at the unique manifestations of hijab in a geographically and culturally diverse part of Iran. A clear understanding of legal and societal factors helps readers to touch the main roots, social reality and philosophy of hijab dress in this country. On the other hand, individual variables and constructs are unpacked to highlight the different styles of hijab of society and orders of religiosity among Iranian women, which sheds light on their lived realities. This study is based on existing literature in Farsi and English, together with the researcher’s analysis of primary data from observation and interview. In addition, the thesis utilizes key religious sources and legal documents. The data reveal that hijab represents an interplay between social, cultural and religious identities, and facilitates the performance of these identities against the backdrop of an Islamic country controlling women’s dress at the policy level. With a lack of existing studies focused on Iranian women’s dress from sociological, psychological and cultural anthropology perspectives, this thesis begins to close a key research gap and sets foundations for future work. The thesis opens with an introduction to the phenomenon of hijab in Islam and Iran and also faces veiling in particular; this opening chapter also sets out the research questions guiding the thesis. Chapter one specifies the region under discussion both geographically and culturally. Chapter two discusses the origins of hijab from a religious perspective. Chapters three and four I focus on Iranian folk costume and its historical origins. Chapter five presents primary data to explore how the burqa embodies societal values and considers how these are directly reflected in the costume design of the region. The concluding chapter utilizes primary data to answer the research questions posed in the thesis. In summary, this thesis promotes the consideration of hijab in the Persian Gulf from legal, social and cultural perspectives, acknowledging that a state-prescribed garment can function as costume, enabling the wearer to perform social, cultural and religious identities. It uses preliminary primary research to validate the existing literature, and makes recommendations for future in-depth research in this field. en
dc.format.extent 60
dc.language.iso en en
dc.title The cultural antecedents of the veil in the Persian Gulf, Iran en
dc.type G2 Pro gradu, diplomityö fi Taiteiden ja suunnittelun korkeakoulu fi School of Arts, Design and Architecture en
dc.subject.keyword Iran en
dc.subject.keyword hijab en
dc.subject.keyword culture en
dc.subject.keyword veil en
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:aalto-201806283742
dc.type.ontasot Master's thesis en
dc.type.ontasot Maisterin opinnäyte fi
dc.contributor.supervisor Pantouvaki, Sofia
dc.programme fi

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