Study on the layers in the film originating from the casting powder between steel shell and mould and associated phenomena in continuous casting of stainless steel

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en Hooli, Paavo 2012-02-24T08:46:05Z 2012-02-24T08:46:05Z 2007-11-16
dc.identifier.isbn 978-951-22-9031-4
dc.identifier.issn 1455-2329
dc.description.abstract Studies were conducted at Outokumpu Tornio Works in order to examine the properties of films between the mould and steel shell during the continuous casting of stainless steel. Film sampling was carried out in the tail-out phase at the end of the cast. The films were subjected to chemical analyses and respective compounds and phases were distinguished. Local heat fluxes were measured with thermocouples and the resulting data was subjected to analyses. No previous study utilising equivalent sampling and analysis has been reported. Several massive samples were collected, a number of which were several millimetres in thickness and covered virtually the entire width of the mould, descending 40cm below the meniscus. Analysis showed that the flux films could explain some of the very low, local heat fluxes that were observed. The most typical feature in the sampled films was the layer dominated by a cuspidine phase. The crystalline structure of these films had either formed during solidification, or via the devitrification process. Following a high cooling rate and short residence time prior to sampling, glassy structures were found. Most of these findings accord well with the literature. Such crystalline structures are to be expected in these conditions, via either direct formation or devitrification. Evidence from the literature confirms that the layers in the films were formed during the longer period of the casting process and not during tail-out. The most unexpected feature was the formation of a separate NaF layer, and the formation of elemental sodium (Na), and probably sometimes potassium (K), against the mould wall. The study found that the films can have residence times of as much as several hours on the mould wall, and complex structures containing several sub layers, voids and pores can develop. With the aid of temperature recordings, evidence of fracturing was found in the sampled films. Variation was seen in the appearance of surfaces on the mould side. There were variations between samples from different heats, and local variations in centimetre scale. This method can be used when evaluating the functioning of different casting powders. en
dc.format.extent 79,[13]
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Helsinki University of Technology en
dc.publisher Teknillinen korkeakoulu fi
dc.relation.ispartofseries Helsinki University of Technology publications in materials science and engineering en
dc.relation.ispartofseries 195 en
dc.relation.haspart Additional errata file available. en
dc.subject.other Materials science en
dc.subject.other Geoinformatics en
dc.title Study on the layers in the film originating from the casting powder between steel shell and mould and associated phenomena in continuous casting of stainless steel en
dc.type G4 Monografiaväitöskirja fi
dc.description.version reviewed en
dc.contributor.department Department of Materials Science and Engineering en
dc.contributor.department Materiaalitekniikan osasto fi
dc.subject.keyword mould powders en
dc.subject.keyword continuous casting en
dc.subject.keyword flux film en
dc.subject.keyword gap en
dc.subject.keyword slag phases en
dc.subject.keyword cuspidine en
dc.identifier.urn urn:nbn:fi:tkk-010742
dc.type.dcmitype text en
dc.type.ontasot Väitöskirja (monografia) fi
dc.type.ontasot Doctoral dissertation (monograph) en
dc.contributor.lab Laboratory of Metallurgy en
dc.contributor.lab Metallurgian laboratorio fi

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