Transport phenomena of polar biomolecules and colloids : perspectives through simulation

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en Terämä, Emma 2012-02-24T08:03:14Z 2012-02-24T08:03:14Z 2007-01-03
dc.identifier.isbn 952-10-2963-3
dc.identifier.issn 1455-0563
dc.description.abstract The thesis focuses on the transport of polar biomolecules and colloid particles studied through atomistic and coarse-grained simulation techniques. The thesis is comprised of two themes complementing one another. First we concentrate on the structural and dynamical aspects of alcohol molecules in lipid bilayers with varying degree of unsaturation. Second, the thesis employs dielectrophoresis to elucidate the non-equilibrium transport phenomena of nano-sized colloidal particles. The former is an example of simulating a molecular system at the atomic level, providing insight into the mechanism of anesthetics such as alcohols. The latter topic exemplifies the more coarse grained approach of describing surface polarization effects of a colloid coupled to a varying external electric field and subsequent transport of the colloid. In water solution the lipids self-organize into bilayer structures depicting biological membranes. The effect of ethanol and methanol solvents on the lipid bilayer structure and dynamics was investigated. Simulations show ethanol transport into and through the bilayer, results indicating an undisputable effect of alcohols, esp. ethanol, on membrane properties. Hydrogen bonding between lipid and alcohol molecules is observed, and lipid bilayer pressure profile changes due to alcohol are obtained. For dielectrophoresis, novel computational models for the transport of (nano-sized) colloidal particles in non-homogeneous electric fields are developed. The model's coupling strength depends on field strength, colloid charge magnitude and charge distribution, which in real life also affect the general characteristics of (surface) conductivity and permittivity that evoke dielectrophoretic behavior of e.g. cells. The colloids in simulation are shown to be affected by their medium via Brownian motion and hydrodynamics. It is demonstrated that aggregation of nano-sized colloids can enhance their transport. en
dc.format.extent 148
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Physics en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Internal report / Helsinki Institute of Physics en
dc.relation.ispartofseries 2006-09 en
dc.subject.other Physics en
dc.subject.other Chemistry en
dc.title Transport phenomena of polar biomolecules and colloids : perspectives through simulation en
dc.type G4 Monografiaväitöskirja fi
dc.description.version reviewed en
dc.contributor.department Department of Engineering Physics and Mathematics en
dc.contributor.department Teknillisen fysiikan ja matematiikan osasto fi
dc.subject.keyword lipid membrane en
dc.subject.keyword dielectrophoresis en
dc.subject.keyword molecular dynamics en
dc.identifier.urn urn:nbn:fi:tkk-008846
dc.type.dcmitype text en
dc.type.ontasot Väitöskirja (monografia) fi
dc.type.ontasot Doctoral dissertation (monograph) en
dc.contributor.lab Laboratory of Physics en
dc.contributor.lab Fysiikan laboratorio fi

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