Safety of Unmanned Ships - Safe Shipping with Autonomous and Remote Controlled Ships

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en
dc.contributor.author Jalonen, Risto
dc.contributor.author Tuominen, Risto
dc.contributor.author Wahlström, Mikael
dc.date.accessioned 2017-09-21T09:04:26Z
dc.date.available 2017-09-21T09:04:26Z
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.isbn 978-952-60-7480-1 (electronic)
dc.identifier.isbn 978-952-60-7481-8 (printed)
dc.identifier.issn 1799-490X (electronic)
dc.identifier.issn 1799-4896 (printed)
dc.identifier.issn 1799-4896 (ISSN-L)
dc.identifier.uri https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/28061
dc.description.abstract The main objective of this study is to identify and initially assess relevant safety and security risks with the operation of a general ship under remote or autonomous control, and some selected vessel types chosen for concept level consideration. A focal research question is whether the operations on board a ship can be changed still more towards the directions of automation and/or teleoperation from the safety point of view. The platform of this study is a generic ship. Thus, for the reason of clarity, a review on some common ship type categories is also made, with cargo ships, passenger ships and service vessels included. According to the first, albeit unuttered hypothesis, some sub-category of the ship types listed above may, under some conditions, have some potential for development towards technology demonstration trials and applications in future. However, it is possible, too, that just a few sub-categories of the ship types, or some additional newcomer, may be the most promising platform for the first applications of ship autonomy and tele-operation, in case they are considered feasible and safe for it under certain specified conditions. The research has been based mainly on a review of research literature related to autonomous or remotely operated vessel concepts, and discussions between the authors regarding the implications of the further application of the new technology in selected ship types. The discussions have been supported by the preliminary risk assessment performed by the authors exploring the potential safety implications of increased autonomy on some ship types considered as being conceivable candidates for proof-of-concept demonstrations. Finally, the report provides some high-level recommendations for the early phase of the progress and development of ships with an increased prevalence or share of autonomous or remote control features. The most fundamental limitations of this report are believed to be related to omissions of most economical, ethical, legal, psychological and sociological aspects and viewpoints from the scope of the study, especially with their links and intertwinements with safety and each other. Even some issues related to technology may have not been discussed widely and deeply enough e.g. from the operational point of view. It is believed, that such interacting features and mechanics may have important links to and effects on safety with regard to the studied topic. Thus, they are deemed to deserve closer scrutiny in future. (Author abstract: Risto Jalonen / 21.9.2017)  en
dc.format.extent 88 + app. 10
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Aalto University en
dc.publisher Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.relation.ispartofseries Aalto University publication series SCIENCE + TECHNOLOGY en
dc.relation.ispartofseries 5/2017
dc.subject.other Marine engineering en
dc.title Safety of Unmanned Ships - Safe Shipping with Autonomous and Remote Controlled Ships en
dc.type D4 Julkaistu kehittämis- tai tutkimusraportti tai -selvitys fi
dc.contributor.school Insinööritieteiden korkeakoulu fi
dc.contributor.school School of Engineering en
dc.contributor.department Konetekniikan laitos fi
dc.contributor.department Department of Mechanical Engineering en
dc.subject.keyword autonomous shipping en
dc.subject.keyword safety en
dc.subject.keyword security en
dc.subject.keyword risk en
dc.identifier.urn URN:ISBN:978-952-60-7480-1
dc.type.dcmitype text en
dc.contributor.lab Maritime Risk and Safety en


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