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Combined thermal, thermodynamic and kinetic modelling for the reliability of high-density lead-free solder interconnections

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en
dc.contributor.author Yu, Hao
dc.date.accessioned 2012-02-24T07:50:13Z
dc.date.available 2012-02-24T07:50:13Z
dc.date.issued 2006-11-15
dc.identifier.isbn 951-22-8464-2
dc.identifier.issn 1457-0440
dc.identifier.uri https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/2791
dc.description.abstract Continuous miniaturization of electronics devices as well as increasing complexity of soldering metallurgy introduce more and more challenges to the reliability of modern electronics products. Although loading condition plays an important role, the reliability of solder interconnections is ultimately controlled by microstructures' responses to loading. It is therefore of great importance to understand and control the microstructural evolutions of solder interconnections under different loading conditions. Since experimental investigation alone is inadequate for achieving such knowledge, the employment of different modeling tools is of great help. In this thesis, combined usage of thermal, thermodynamic and kinetic modelling was introduced and utilized in studying solidification and interfacial reactions in solder interconnections. In order to study the solidification of interconnections during reflow soldering, an oven-level thermal model was first constructed to simulate the flow field inside a typical reflow oven. With the oven information collected, the thermal models were established to simulate the solidification of lead-free solder interconnections. Thermodynamic calculations, which were integrated into the model, provided the thermal properties of the solder alloy used in the experiments. Further, thermodynamic calculations were combined with the nucleation kinetic analyses to evaluate the actual solidification temperatures of interconnections. The combined thermodynamic and kinetic approach was used also for studying the interfacial reactions between solder and component or board metallizations. For having better understanding of the effect of Ni in solder interconnections, the Sn-Cu-Ni system was assessed thermodynamically. Firstly, the effect of Cu-content on the formation of the primary interfacial intermetallic compounds between near-eutectic SnAgCu solder alloys and Ni-substrate was evaluated as a function of temperature. Secondly, it was analyzed how the Ni dissolved in Cu6Sn5 compound affects the driving forces for the diffusion fluxes and hence the growth kinetics of (Cu,Ni)6Sn5 and (Cu,Ni)3Sn reaction layers between near-eutectic SnAgCu solder and Cu(Ni) metallizations. With the preliminary kinetic considerations, the shrinkage of (Cu,Ni)3Sn as well as other related observations in the reaction zone were investigated. Finally, the interfacial reactions of near-eutectic Sn–Ag–Cu solder with Ni(P)/Au metal finishes were studied theoretically and experimentally. en
dc.format.extent 48, [68]
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Helsinki University of Technology en
dc.publisher Teknillinen korkeakoulu fi
dc.relation.ispartofseries Helsinki University of Technology, Department of Electrical and Communications Engineering, Laboratory of Electronics Production Technology en
dc.relation.ispartofseries 15 en
dc.relation.haspart H. Yu and J. K. Kivilahti, CFD modelling of the flow field inside a reflow oven, Soldering & Surface Mount Technology, 14, 1, (2002), pp. 38-44.
dc.relation.haspart H. Yu, T. T. Mattila and J. K. Kivilahti, Thermal simulation of the solidification of lead-free solder interconnections, IEEE Transactions on Components and Packaging Technologies, 29, 3, (2006), pp. 475-485. [article2.pdf] © 2006 IEEE. By permission.
dc.relation.haspart H. Yu and J. K. Kivilahti, Nucleation kinetics and solidification temperatures of SnAgCu interconnections during reflow process, IEEE Transactions on Components and Packaging Technologies, in print. [article3.pdf] © 2006 by authors and © 2006 IEEE. By permission.
dc.relation.haspart H. Yu, V. Vuorinen and J. K. Kivilahti, Solder/substrate interfacial reactions in Sn-Cu-Ni interconnection system, Journal of Electronic Materials, in print. [article4.pdf] © 2006 by authors and © 2006 The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS). By permission.
dc.relation.haspart H. Yu, V. Vuorinen and J. K. Kivilahti, Effect of Ni on the formation of Cu<sub>6</sub>Sn<sub>5</sub> and Cu<sub>3</sub>Sn intermetallics, presented in the 56th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (ECTC 2006), San Diego, CA, USA, May 30 - June 2, 2006, pp. 1204-1209; IEEE Transactions on Electronics Packaging Manufacturing, in print. [article5.pdf] © 2006 by authors and © 2006 IEEE. By permission.
dc.relation.haspart V. Vuorinen, T. Laurila, H. Yu and J. K. Kivilahti, Phase formation between lead-free Sn–Ag–Cu solder and Ni(P)/Au finishes, Journal of Applied Physics, 99, 2, (2006), pp. 3530-3536. [article6.pdf] © 2006 American Institute of Physics. By permission.
dc.subject.other Electrical engineering en
dc.title Combined thermal, thermodynamic and kinetic modelling for the reliability of high-density lead-free solder interconnections en
dc.type G5 Artikkeliväitöskirja fi
dc.description.version reviewed en
dc.contributor.department Department of Electrical and Communications Engineering en
dc.contributor.department Sähkö- ja tietoliikennetekniikan osasto fi
dc.subject.keyword reliability en
dc.subject.keyword solder interconnection en
dc.subject.keyword thermal modelling en
dc.subject.keyword thermodynamic calculation en
dc.subject.keyword kinetics en
dc.subject.keyword interfacial reaction en
dc.identifier.urn urn:nbn:fi:tkk-008495
dc.type.dcmitype text en
dc.type.ontasot Väitöskirja (artikkeli) fi
dc.type.ontasot Doctoral dissertation (article-based) en
dc.contributor.lab Laboratory of Electronics Production Technology en
dc.contributor.lab Elektroniikan valmistustekniikan laboratorio fi
local.aalto.digifolder Aalto_68183
local.aalto.digiauth ask


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