A functional MRI study of happy and sad emotions in music with and without lyrics

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en
dc.contributor.author Brattico, Elvira
dc.contributor.author Alluri, V.
dc.contributor.author Bogert, B.
dc.contributor.author Jacobsen, T.
dc.contributor.author Vartiainen, Nuutti
dc.contributor.author Nieminen, Sirke
dc.contributor.author Tervaniemi, M.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-05-11T09:08:10Z
dc.date.available 2017-05-11T09:08:10Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.citation Brattico , E , Alluri , V , Bogert , B , Jacobsen , T , Vartiainen , N , Nieminen , S & Tervaniemi , M 2011 , ' A functional MRI study of happy and sad emotions in music with and without lyrics ' FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY , vol 2 , 308 , pp. 1-16 . DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00308 en
dc.identifier.issn 1664-1078
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: d063a3f9-6fe7-4872-8eea-c6d2a2b484c8
dc.identifier.other PURE ITEMURL: https://research.aalto.fi/en/publications/a-functional-mri-study-of-happy-and-sad-emotions-in-music-with-and-without-lyrics(d063a3f9-6fe7-4872-8eea-c6d2a2b484c8).html
dc.identifier.other PURE FILEURL: https://research.aalto.fi/files/12959435/fpsyg_02_00308.pdf
dc.identifier.uri https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/25870
dc.description.abstract Musical emotions, such as happiness and sadness, have been investigated using instrumental music devoid of linguistic content. However, pop and rock, the most common musical genres, utilize lyrics for conveying emotions. Using participants’ self-selected musical excerpts, we studied their behavior and brain responses to elucidate how lyrics interact with musical emotion processing, as reflected by emotion recognition and activation of limbic areas involved in affective experience. We extracted samples from subjects’ selections of sad and happy pieces and sorted them according to the presence of lyrics. Acoustic feature analysis showed that music with lyrics differed from music without lyrics in spectral centroid, a feature related to perceptual brightness, whereas sad music with lyrics did not diverge from happy music without lyrics, indicating the role of other factors in emotion classification. Behavioral ratings revealed that happy music without lyrics induced stronger positive emotions than happy music with lyrics. We also acquired functional magnetic resonance imaging data while subjects performed affective tasks regarding the music. First, using ecological and acoustically variable stimuli, we broadened previous findings about the brain processing of musical emotions and of songs versus instrumental music. Additionally, contrasts between sad music with versus without lyrics recruited the parahippocampal gyrus, the amygdala, the claustrum, the putamen, the precentral gyrus, the medial and inferior frontal gyri (including Broca’s area), and the auditory cortex, while the reverse contrast produced no activations. Happy music without lyrics activated structures of the limbic system and the right pars opercularis of the inferior frontal gyrus, whereas auditory regions alone responded to happy music with lyrics. These findings point to the role of acoustic cues for the experience of happiness in music and to the importance of lyrics for sad musical emotions. en
dc.format.extent 1-16
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.relation.ispartofseries FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Volume 2 en
dc.rights openAccess en
dc.subject.other 114 Physical sciences en
dc.subject.other 221 Nanotechnology en
dc.subject.other 214 Mechanical engineering en
dc.subject.other 218 Environmental engineering en
dc.title A functional MRI study of happy and sad emotions in music with and without lyrics en
dc.type A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä fi
dc.description.version Peer reviewed en
dc.contributor.department Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering en
dc.subject.keyword acoustic feature
dc.subject.keyword emotion
dc.subject.keyword fMRI
dc.subject.keyword language
dc.subject.keyword limbic system
dc.subject.keyword music
dc.subject.keyword 114 Physical sciences
dc.subject.keyword 221 Nanotechnology
dc.subject.keyword 214 Mechanical engineering
dc.subject.keyword 218 Environmental engineering
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:aalto-201705114245
dc.identifier.doi 10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00308
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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