Pleasurable music affects reinforcement learning according to the listener

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en Gold, Benjamin P. Frank, Michael J. Bogert, Brigitte Brattico, Elvira 2017-05-11T07:16:33Z 2017-05-11T07:16:33Z 2013
dc.identifier.citation Gold , B P , Frank , M J , Bogert , B & Brattico , E 2013 , ' Pleasurable music affects reinforcement learning according to the listener ' Frontiers in Psychology , vol 4 , 541 , pp. 1-19 . DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00541 en
dc.identifier.issn 1664-1078
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 591d12c0-9563-4497-970c-7142624e0faf
dc.identifier.other PURE ITEMURL:
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dc.description.abstract Mounting evidence links the enjoyment of music to brain areas implicated in emotion and the dopaminergic reward system. In particular, dopamine release in the ventral striatum seems to play a major role in the rewarding aspect of music listening. Striatal dopamine also influences reinforcement learning, such that subjects with greater dopamine efficacy learn better to approach rewards while those with lesser dopamine efficacy learn better to avoid punishments. In this study, we explored the practical implications of musical pleasure through its ability to facilitate reinforcement learning via non-pharmacological dopamine elicitation. Subjects from a wide variety of musical backgrounds chose a pleasurable and a neutral piece of music from an experimenter-compiled database, and then listened to one or both of these pieces (according to pseudo-random group assignment) as they performed a reinforcement learning task dependent on dopamine transmission. We assessed musical backgrounds as well as typical listening patterns with the new Helsinki Inventory of Music and Affective Behaviors (HIMAB), and separately investigated behavior for the training and test phases of the learning task. Subjects with more musical experience trained better with neutral music and tested better with pleasurable music, while those with less musical experience exhibited the opposite effect. HIMABresults regarding listening behaviors and subjective music ratings indicate that these effects arose from different listening styles: namely, more affective listening in non-musicians and more analytical listening in musicians. In conclusion, musical pleasure was able to influence task performance, and the shape of this effectdepended on group and individual factors. These findings have implications in affective neuroscience, neuroaesthetics, learning, and music therapy. en
dc.format.extent 1-19
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Frontiers in Psychology en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Volume 4 en
dc.rights openAccess en
dc.subject.other Psychology(all) en
dc.title Pleasurable music affects reinforcement learning according to the listener en
dc.type A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä fi
dc.description.version Peer reviewed en
dc.contributor.department University of Helsinki
dc.contributor.department Brown University
dc.contributor.department BECS
dc.contributor.department Department of Neuroscience and Biomedical Engineering en
dc.subject.keyword Dopamine
dc.subject.keyword Listening strategy
dc.subject.keyword Music
dc.subject.keyword Musical experience
dc.subject.keyword Pleasure
dc.subject.keyword Reinforcement learning
dc.subject.keyword Reward
dc.subject.keyword Subjectivity
dc.subject.keyword Psychology(all)
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:aalto-201705113913
dc.identifier.doi 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00541
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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