Aspects on bioenergy as a technical measure to reduce energy related greenhouse gas emissions

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en Wihersaari, Margareta 2012-02-17T06:49:09Z 2012-02-17T06:49:09Z 2005-05-31
dc.identifier.isbn 951-38-6446-4
dc.identifier.issn 1455-0849
dc.description.abstract Greenhouse gas emission assessments of energy supply systems have traditionally included the CO2 emissions produced as the fuel is burned. A lot of models and calculations for evaluating greenhouse gas emission savings by using bioenergy have been introduced. The approaches often cover a major part or sometimes even the whole energy system. The biofuel production process itself is one piece that is normally covered very briefly or considered insignificant. Unfortunately, this means that the significance of some affecting factors might not have been estimated. The object of the thesis was to study the greenhouse gas balances in connection with the harvesting and production of biofuels and, based on this, evaluate in what situations there is a need to re-evaluate the potentials of greenhouse gas emission savings when using bioenergy for substituting fossil fuels. Different methodologies were used in the separate evaluations: the philosophy and methodology of industrial ecology was used to analyse the sustainability and material flows of the Finnish forest industry. A simple calculation model was developed for analysing the energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions for biomass production chains, upgrading of biofuels and production of solid recovered fuels. Emission risks from long-time storage of biofuel and biodegradable material were evaluated as well as changes in forest soil carbon due to harvesting of forest residues. The examination of the biofuel production chains showed that in a favourable situation as much as 97-98% of greenhouse gas emissions for a fossil fuel could be avoided by substituting it with a biofuel. On the other hand the investigation also pointed out that e.g. increasing fuel storage and upgrading activities for biofuels are likely to decrease this percentage remarkably. The main conclusion of the thesis was that the neutrality of greenhouse gas emissions when producing bioenergy should be re-evaluated. The author further suggests that tools and stimulants for keeping the greenhouse gas emission levels in fuel production chains as low as possible should be developed. en
dc.format.extent 93, [71]
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland en
dc.publisher VTT fi
dc.relation.ispartofseries VTT publications en
dc.relation.ispartofseries 564 en
dc.relation.haspart Korhonen, J., Wihersaari, M. and Savolainen, I. Industrial ecology of the Finnish forest industry. Ecological Economics 39 (2001), pp. 145-161. Elsevier Science Ltd.
dc.relation.haspart Wihersaari, M. Energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions from biomass production chains. Energy Conversation Mgmt (1996), Nos 6-8, pp. 1217-1221. Elsevier Science Ltd.
dc.relation.haspart Wihersaari, M. Greenhouse gas emissions from final harvest fuel chip production in Finland. Biomass and Bioenergy 28 (2005), pp. 435-443. Elsevier Science Ltd.
dc.relation.haspart Wihersaari, M. Evaluation of greenhouse gas emission risks from storage of wood residue. Biomass and Bioenergy 28 (2005), pp. 444-453. Elsevier Science Ltd.
dc.relation.haspart Palosuo, T., Wihersaari, M. and Liski, J. Net greenhouse gas emissions due to energy use of forest residues – Impact of soil carbon balance. EFI Proceedings No. 39 (2001); Wood Biomass as an Energy Source Challenge in Europe. European Forest Institute, Joensuu. Pp. 115-130.
dc.relation.haspart Pipatti, R. and Wihersaari, M. 1998. Cost-effectiveness of alternative strategies in mitigating the greenhouse impact of waste management in three communities of different size. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change (1998), Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 337-358. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
dc.subject.other Energy en
dc.subject.other Environmental science en
dc.title Aspects on bioenergy as a technical measure to reduce energy related greenhouse gas emissions en
dc.type G5 Artikkeliväitöskirja fi
dc.description.version reviewed en
dc.contributor.department Department of Mechanical Engineering en
dc.contributor.department Konetekniikan osasto fi
dc.subject.keyword greenhouse gases en
dc.subject.keyword emissions en
dc.subject.keyword energy supply systems en
dc.subject.keyword biofuels en
dc.subject.keyword bioenergy en
dc.subject.keyword biomass production en
dc.subject.keyword wood fuels en
dc.subject.keyword forest residues en
dc.subject.keyword municipal wastes en
dc.subject.keyword renewable energy sources en
dc.identifier.urn urn:nbn:fi:tkk-004850
dc.type.dcmitype text en
dc.type.ontasot Väitöskirja (artikkeli) fi
dc.type.ontasot Doctoral dissertation (article-based) en
dc.contributor.lab Laboratory of Energy Engineering and Environmental Protection en
dc.contributor.lab Energiatekniikan ja ympäristönsuojelun laboratorio fi

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