Requirements and information structures for building product data models

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en
dc.contributor.author Björk, Bo-Christer
dc.date.accessioned 2012-02-13T12:54:55Z
dc.date.available 2012-02-13T12:54:55Z
dc.date.issued 1995-12-08
dc.identifier.isbn 951-38-6030-2
dc.identifier.issn 1455-0849
dc.identifier.uri https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/2447
dc.description.abstract The term computer-integrated construction (CIC) is often used to describe a future type of construction process characterised by the extensive use of information technology. The key to successful CIC is the comprehensive integration of currently isolated computing applications in different phases of the construction process. Among the several types of data exchange standards needed to support such integration, the standards for structuring the information describing buildings (building product data models) are particularly important. No fully operational building product data models have as yet been formally standardised either on the national or international level, but the topic has been a subject of intensive research during the last few years. Building product data model proposals are usually defined using object-oriented information modelling techniques. The research which is presented in this summarising thesis was carried out primarily during the years 1988-92 at the Technical Research Centre of Finland. The report begins with a brief introduction to the general background of research concerning CIC and building product data models. Fundamental concepts of object orientation and product modelling are explained in a separate chapter. In order to position the author's research results, the "state of the art" in this research field is briefly reviewed. The research results are presented against the background of a kernel-aspect model framework, in line with current thinking among several leading researchers in this field. The results can loosely be classified into three distinctive groups: a number of requirements which building product data models should fulfil; specific information structures in building product data models; and the integration of product models with other types of information used in the construction process. The specific information structures which were studied include the abstraction hierarchies used in building product data models, the type object mechanism and information structures needed for modelling spaces and enclosing objects. The report ends with a discussion of the results, comparing them with the proposals and results of other researchers. Some directions for further research are also outlined. en
dc.format.extent 88, [75]
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland en
dc.publisher VTT fi
dc.relation.ispartofseries VTT publications en
dc.relation.ispartofseries 245 en
dc.relation.haspart Björk, B.-C. 1989. Basic structure of a proposed building product model. Computer-Aided Design, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 71-78. [article1.pdf] © 1989 Elsevier. By permission.
dc.relation.haspart Björk, B.-C. and Penttilä, H. 1989. A scenario for the development and implementation of a building product model standard. Advances in Engineering Software, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 176-187. [article2.pdf] © 1989 Elsevier. By permission.
dc.relation.haspart Björk, B.-C. and Penttilä, H. 1991. Building product modelling using relational databases, hypermedia software and CAD systems. Microcomputers in Civil Engineering, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 267-279. [article3.pdf] © 1991 Blackwell Publishing. By permission.
dc.relation.haspart Björk, B.-C. 1992. A conceptual model of spaces, space boundaries and enclosing structures. Automation in Construction, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 193-214. [article4.pdf] © 1992 Elsevier. By permission.
dc.relation.haspart Björk, B.-C. 1992. A unified approach for modelling construction information. Building and Environment, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 173-194. [article5.pdf] © 1992 Elsevier. By permission.
dc.subject.other Civil engineering en
dc.subject.other Publication en
dc.subject.other Computer science en
dc.title Requirements and information structures for building product data models en
dc.type G5 Artikkeliväitöskirja fi
dc.description.version reviewed en
dc.contributor.department Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering en
dc.contributor.department Rakennus- ja ympäristötekniikan osasto fi
dc.subject.keyword construction en
dc.subject.keyword product models en
dc.subject.keyword computers en
dc.subject.keyword integration en
dc.subject.keyword utilization en
dc.subject.keyword standardization en
dc.subject.keyword construction management en
dc.subject.keyword requirements en
dc.subject.keyword comparison en
dc.subject.keyword object programs en
dc.subject.keyword theses en
dc.identifier.urn urn:nbn:fi:tkk-004100
dc.type.dcmitype text en
dc.type.ontasot Väitöskirja (artikkeli) fi
dc.type.ontasot Doctoral dissertation (article-based) en


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