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Nanocellulose aerogel membranes for optimal electrolyte filling in dye solar cells

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en
dc.contributor.author Miettunen, Kati
dc.contributor.author Vapaavuori, Jaana
dc.contributor.author Tiihonen, Armi
dc.contributor.author Poskela, Aapo
dc.contributor.author Lahtinen, Panu
dc.contributor.author Halme, Janne
dc.contributor.author Lund, Peter
dc.date.accessioned 2016-11-08T10:01:34Z
dc.date.available 2016-11-08T10:01:34Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.citation Miettunen, Kati & Vapaavuori, Jaana & Tiihonen, Armi & Poskela, Aapo & Lahtinen, Panu & Halme, Janne & Lund, Peter. 2014. Nanocellulose aerogel membranes for optimal electrolyte filling in dye solar cells. Nano Energy. Volume 8. 95-102. ISSN 2211-2855 (printed). DOI: 10.1016/j.nanoen.2014.05.013. en
dc.identifier.issn 2211-2855 (printed)
dc.identifier.uri https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/23398
dc.description.abstract A new method for depositing electrolyte in dye solar cells (DSCs) is introduced: a nanocellulose hydrogel membrane is screen printed on the counter electrode and further freeze-dried to form a highly porous nanocellulose aerogel, which acts as an absorbing sponge for the liquid electrolyte. When the nanoporous dye-sensitized TiO2 photoelectrode film is pressed against the wetted aerogel, it becomes filled with the electrolyte. The electrolyte flows inside the TiO2 film only about ten micrometers (i.e. the TiO2 film thickness) whereas in the conventional filling method, where the electrolyte is pumped through the cell, it flows about 1000-times longer distance, which is known to cause uneven distribution of the electrolyte components due to a molecular filtering effect. Furthermore, with the new method there is no need for electrolyte filling holes which simplifies significantly the sealing of the cells and eliminates one common pathway for leakage. Photovoltaic analysis showed that addition of the nanocellulose aerogel membrane did not have a statistically significant effect on cell efficiency, diffusion in the electrolyte or charge transfer at the counter electrode. There was, however, a clear difference in the short circuit current density and open circuit voltage between the cells filled with the aerogel method and in the reference cells filled with the conventional method, which appeared to be caused by the differences in the electrolyte filling instead of the nanocellulose itself. Moreover, accelerated aging tests at 1 Sun 40 °C for 1000 h showed that the nanocellulose cells were as stable as the conventional DSCs. The nanocellulose aerogel membranes thus appear inert with respect to both performance and stability of the cells, which is an important criterion for any electrolyte solidifying filler material. en
dc.format.extent 95-102
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Elsevier BV en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Nano Energy en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Volume 8
dc.rights © 2014 Elsevier BV. This is the post print version of the following article: Miettunen, Kati & Vapaavuori, Jaana & Tiihonen, Armi & Poskela, Aapo & Lahtinen, Panu & Halme, Janne & Lund, Peter. 2014. Nanocellulose aerogel membranes for optimal electrolyte filling in dye solar cells. Nano Energy. Volume 8. 95-102. ISSN 2211-2855 (printed). DOI: 10.1016/j.nanoen.2014.05.013. which has been published in final form at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2211285514000974. en
dc.subject.other Physics en
dc.title Nanocellulose aerogel membranes for optimal electrolyte filling in dye solar cells en
dc.type A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä fi
dc.description.version Peer reviewed en
dc.rights.holder Elsevier BV
dc.contributor.school Perustieteiden korkeakoulu fi
dc.contributor.school School of Science en
dc.contributor.department Teknillisen fysiikan laitos fi
dc.contributor.department Department of Applied Physics en
dc.subject.keyword nanocellulose en
dc.subject.keyword semi-solid electrolyte en
dc.subject.keyword gel electrolyte en
dc.subject.keyword dye-sensitized spatial distribution en
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:aalto-201602041250
dc.type.dcmitype text en
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.nanoen.2014.05.013
dc.type.version Post print en


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