Direct digital synthesizers : theory, design and applications

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en Vankka, Jouko 2012-02-13T12:13:18Z 2012-02-13T12:13:18Z 2000-11-24
dc.identifier.isbn 951-22-5318-6
dc.identifier.issn 1455-8440
dc.description.abstract Traditional designs of high bandwidth frequency synthesizers employ the use of a phase-locked-loop (PLL). A direct digital synthesizer (DDS) provides many significant advantages over the PLL approaches. Fast settling time, sub-Hertz frequency resolution, continuous-phase switching response and low phase noise are features easily obtainable in the DDS systems. Although the principle of the DDS has been known for many years, the DDS did not play a dominant role in wideband frequency generation until recent years. Earlier DDSs were limited to produce narrow bands of closely spaced frequencies, due to limitations of digital logic and D/A-converter technologies. Recent advantages in integrated circuit (IC) technologies have brought about remarkable progress in this area. By programming the DDS, adaptive channel bandwidths, modulation formats, frequency hopping and data rates are easily achieved. This is an important step towards a "software-radio" which can be used in various systems. The DDS could be applied in the modulator or demodulator in the communication systems. The applications of DDS are restricted to the modulator in the base station. The aim of this research was to find an optimal front-end for a transmitter by focusing on the circuit implementations of the DDS, but the research also includes the interface to baseband circuitry and system level design aspects of digital communication systems. The theoretical analysis gives an overview of the functioning of DDS, especially with respect to noise and spurs. Different spur reduction techniques are studied in detail. Four ICs, which were the circuit implementations of the DDS, were designed. One programmable logic device implementation of the CORDIC based quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) modulator was designed with a separate D/A converter IC. For the realization of these designs some new building blocks, e.g. a new tunable error feedback structure and a novel and more cost-effective digital power ramp generator, were developed. en
dc.format.extent 192, [1]
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Helsinki University of Technology en
dc.publisher Teknillinen korkeakoulu fi
dc.relation.ispartofseries Report / Helsinki University of Technology, Department of Electrical and Communications Engineering, Electronic Circuit Design Laboratory en
dc.relation.ispartofseries 32 en
dc.subject.other Electrical engineering en
dc.title Direct digital synthesizers : theory, design and applications en
dc.type G4 Monografiaväitöskirja fi
dc.description.version reviewed en
dc.contributor.department Department of Electrical and Communications Engineering en
dc.contributor.department Sähkö- ja tietoliikennetekniikan osasto fi
dc.subject.keyword direct digital synthesizer en
dc.subject.keyword numerically controlled oscillator en
dc.subject.keyword GMSK modulator en
dc.subject.keyword quadrature amplitude modulation en
dc.subject.keyword CORDIC algorithm en
dc.identifier.urn urn:nbn:fi:tkk-002531
dc.type.dcmitype text en
dc.type.ontasot Väitöskirja (monografia) fi
dc.type.ontasot Doctoral dissertation (monograph) en
dc.contributor.lab Electronic Circuit Design Laboratory en
dc.contributor.lab Piiritekniikan laboratorio fi

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