Over the hills and further away from coast

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en
dc.contributor.author Kummu, Matti
dc.contributor.author De Moel, Hans
dc.contributor.author Salvucci, Gianluigi
dc.contributor.author Viviroli, Daniel
dc.contributor.author Ward, Philip J.
dc.contributor.author Varis, Olli
dc.date.accessioned 2016-10-12T11:09:18Z
dc.date.issued 2016-03-03
dc.identifier.citation Kummu , M , De Moel , H , Salvucci , G , Viviroli , D , Ward , P J & Varis , O 2016 , ' Over the hills and further away from coast : Global geospatial patterns of human and environment over the 20th-21st centuries ' ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS , vol 11 , no. 3 , 034010 . DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/11/3/034010 en
dc.identifier.issn 1748-9318
dc.identifier.issn 1748-9326
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 0286c3c8-51b4-48e5-a6fe-019dee01cd0a
dc.identifier.other PURE ITEMURL: https://research.aalto.fi/en/publications/over-the-hills-and-further-away-from-coast(0286c3c8-51b4-48e5-a6fe-019dee01cd0a).html
dc.identifier.other PURE LINK: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84962225461&partnerID=8YFLogxK
dc.identifier.other PURE FILEURL: https://research.aalto.fi/files/11440226/kummu_et_al_erl.pdf
dc.identifier.uri https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/22738
dc.description.abstract Proximity to the coast and elevation are important geographical considerations for human settlement. Little is known, however, about how spatial variation in these factors exactly relates to human settlements and activities, and how this has developed over time. Such knowledge is important for identifying vulnerable regions that are at risk from phenomena such as food shortages and water stress. Human activities are a key driving force in global change, and thus detailed information on population distribution is an important input to any research framework on global change. In this paper we assess the global geospatial patterns of the distribution of human population and related factors, with regard to the altitude above sea level and proximity to the coast. The investigated factors are physical conditions, urbanisation, agricultural practices, economy, and environmental stress. An important novel element in this study, is that we included the temporal evolution in various factors related to human settlementsand agricultural practices over the 20th century, and used projections for some of these factors up to the year 2050. We found population pressure in the proximity of the coast to be somewhat greater than was found in other studies. Yet, the distribution of population, urbanisation and wealth are evolving to become more evenly spread across the globe than they were in the past. Therefore, the commonly believed tendency of accumulation of people and wealth along coasts is not supported by our results. At the same time, food production is becoming increasingly decoupled from the trends in population density. Croplands are spreading from highly populated coastal zones towards inland zones. Our results thus indicate that even though people and wealth continue to accumulate in proximity to the coast, population densities and economic productivity are becoming less diverse in relation to elevation and distance from the coast. en
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.relation.ispartofseries ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Volume 11, issue 3 en
dc.rights openAccess en
dc.subject.other Environmental Science(all) en
dc.subject.other Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment en
dc.subject.other Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health en
dc.subject.other 1171 Geosciences en
dc.subject.other 218 Environmental engineering en
dc.title Over the hills and further away from coast en
dc.type A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä fi
dc.description.version Peer reviewed en
dc.contributor.department Department of Built Environment
dc.contributor.department Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
dc.contributor.department Istat
dc.contributor.department University of Zurich
dc.subject.keyword Environmental Science(all)
dc.subject.keyword Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
dc.subject.keyword Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
dc.subject.keyword 1171 Geosciences
dc.subject.keyword 218 Environmental engineering
dc.identifier.urn URN:NBN:fi:aalto-201610124777
dc.identifier.doi 10.1088/1748-9326/11/3/034010

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