Design and characterization of downconversion mixers and the on-chip calibration techniques for monolithic direct conversion radio receivers

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en
dc.contributor.author Kivekäs, Kalle
dc.date.accessioned 2012-02-10T09:35:19Z
dc.date.available 2012-02-10T09:35:19Z
dc.date.issued 2002-10-18
dc.identifier.isbn 951-22-6151-0
dc.identifier.issn 1455-8440
dc.identifier.uri https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/2223
dc.description.abstract This thesis consists of eight publications and an overview of the research topic, which is also a summary of the work. The research described in this thesis is focused on the design of downconversion mixers and direct conversion radio receivers for UTRA/FDD WCDMA and GSM standards. The main interest of the work is in the 1-3 GHz frequency range and in the Silicon and Silicon-Germanium BiCMOS technologies. The RF front-end, and especially the mixer, limits the performance of direct conversion architecture. The most stringent problems are involved in the second-order distortion in mixers to which special attention has been given. The work introduces calibration techniques to overcome these problems. Some design considerations for front-end radio receivers are also given through a mixer-centric approach. The work summarizes the design of several downconversion mixers. Three of the implemented mixers are integrated as the downconversion stages of larger direct conversion receiver chips. One is realized together with the LNA as an RF front-end. Also, some stand-alone structures have been characterized. Two of the mixers that are integrated together with whole analog receivers include calibration structures to improve the second-order intermodulation rejection. A theoretical mismatch analysis of the second-order distortion in the mixers is also presented in this thesis. It gives a comprehensive illustration of the second-order distortion in mixers. It also gives the relationships between the dc-offsets and high IIP2. In addition, circuit and layout techniques to improve the LO-to-RF isolation are discussed. The presented work provides insight into how the mixer immunity against the second-order distortion can be improved. The implemented calibration structures show promising performance. On the basis of these results, several methods of detecting the distortion on-chip and the possibilities of integrating the automatic on-chip calibration procedures to produce a repeatable and well-predictable receiver IIP2 are presented. en
dc.format.extent 67, [88]
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Helsinki University of Technology en
dc.publisher Teknillinen korkeakoulu fi
dc.relation.ispartofseries Report / Helsinki University of Technology, Department of Electrical and Communications Engineering, Electronic Circuit Design Laboratory en
dc.relation.ispartofseries 34 en
dc.relation.haspart K. Kivekäs, A. Pärssinen, K. Halonen, Active Mixers for Direct Conversion Receivers with 0.35-μm BiCMOS, Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing, vol. 26, No. 1, pp. 17-26, Jan. 2001. [article1.pdf] © 2001 Kluwer Academic Publishers. By permission.
dc.relation.haspart K. Kivekäs, A. Pärssinen, J. Jussila, J. Ryynänen, K. Halonen, Design of Low-Voltage Active Mixer for Direct Conversion Receivers, in Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, vol. IV, pp. 382-385, Sydney, Australia, May 2001. [article2.pdf] © 2001 IEEE. By permission.
dc.relation.haspart J. Ryynänen, K. Kivekäs, J. Jussila, A. Pärssinen, K. Halonen, A Dual-Band RF Front-End for WCDMA and GSM Applications, IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, vol. 36, pp. 1198-1204, Aug. 2001. [article3.pdf] © 2001 IEEE. By permission.
dc.relation.haspart J. Jussila, J. Ryynänen, K. Kivekäs, L. Sumanen, A. Pärssinen, K. Halonen, A 22mA, 3.0dB NF Direct Conversion Receiver for 3G WCDMA, IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, vol. 36, pp. 2025-2029, Dec. 2001. [article4.pdf] © 2001 IEEE. By permission.
dc.relation.haspart K. Kivekäs, A. Pärssinen, K. Halonen, Characterization of IIP2 and DC-Offsets in Transconductance Mixers, IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems Part-II: Analog and Digital Signal Processing, vol. 48, pp.1028-1038, Nov. 2001. [article5.pdf] © 2001 IEEE. By permission.
dc.relation.haspart K. Kivekäs, A. Pärssinen, J. Ryynänen, J. Jussila, K. Halonen, Calibration Techniques of Active BiCMOS Mixers, IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, vol. 37, pp. 766-769, June 2002. [article6.pdf] © 2002 IEEE. By permission.
dc.relation.haspart J. Ryynänen, K. Kivekäs, J. Jussila, L. Sumanen, A. Pärssinen, K. Halonen, Single-Chip Multi-Mode Receiver for GSM900, DCS1800, PCS1900, and WCDMA, Accepted for publication in IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits. [article7.pdf] © 2002 IEEE. By permission.
dc.relation.haspart J. Ryynänen, K. Kivekäs, J. Jussila, A. Pärssinen, K. Halonen, RF Gain Control in Direct Conversion Receivers, in Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, vol. IV, pp. 117-120, Phoenix, USA, May 2002. [article8.pdf] © 2002 IEEE. By permission.
dc.subject.other Electrical engineering en
dc.title Design and characterization of downconversion mixers and the on-chip calibration techniques for monolithic direct conversion radio receivers en
dc.type G5 Artikkeliväitöskirja fi
dc.description.version reviewed en
dc.contributor.department Department of Electrical and Communications Engineering en
dc.contributor.department Sähkö- ja tietoliikennetekniikan osasto fi
dc.subject.keyword radio frequency en
dc.subject.keyword integrated circuits en
dc.subject.keyword IIP2 en
dc.subject.keyword BiCMOS en
dc.identifier.urn urn:nbn:fi:tkk-001935
dc.type.dcmitype text en
dc.type.ontasot Väitöskirja (artikkeli) fi
dc.type.ontasot Doctoral dissertation (article-based) en
dc.contributor.lab Electronic Circuit Design Laboratory en
dc.contributor.lab Piiritekniikan laboratorio fi


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