Contextual detection of fMRI activations and multimodal aspects of brain imaging

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dc.contributor Aalto-yliopisto fi
dc.contributor Aalto University en Salli, Eero 2012-02-10T09:31:42Z 2012-02-10T09:31:42Z 2002-08-08
dc.identifier.isbn 951-22-6030-1
dc.description.abstract Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a non-invasive method which can be used to indirectly localize neuronal activations in the human brain. Functional MRI is based on changes in the blood oxygenation level near the activated tissue. In an fMRI experiment, a stimulus is given to a subject or the subject is asked to conduct a physical or cognitive task. During the experiment, a nuclear magnetic resonance signal is measured outside the head, and time series of three-dimensional image volumes are constructed. The object of this thesis is to study the localization of activation regions from the constructed time series as well as multimodal aspects of brain imaging. The localization of activation regions typically consists of the following phases: preprocessing of the four-dimensional spatiotemporal data, computation of a statistic image, and detection of statistically significantly activated regions from the statistic image. The statistic image is a three-dimensional map, which shows the statistical significance of the measured experimental effect at voxel level. The detection and localization of the activated regions can be carried out by segmenting the statistic image into activated and non-activated regions. The segmentation is difficult because the statistic images are often noisy and high specificity requirements are set for the activation localization. In this thesis, a computationally efficient segmentation method has been developed. The method is based on the utilization of contextual information from the 3-D neighborhood of each voxel by using a Markov random field model. The method does not require assumptions about the intensity distribution of the activated voxels. The method has been tested using both simulated and measured fMRI data. The use of contextual information increased the detection rate of weakly activated regions. In the simulation experiments, spatial autocorrelations in the noise term altered overall false-positive rates only little. It was also demonstrated that the developed method preserved spatial resolution better than the commonly used linear spatial filtering. In repeated fMRI experiments, variation in the activated regions obtained by the developed method was about the same as or less than with other widely used methods. In addition to the activation localization, the use of multimodal data, including the comparison of fMRI and magnetoencephalographic (MEG) data, is discussed in this thesis. This thesis also includes multimodal visualization examples created from MEG, single photon emission computed tomography, fMRI and structural magnetic resonance imaging data. en
dc.format.extent 54, [67]
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Helsinki University of Technology en
dc.publisher Teknillinen korkeakoulu fi
dc.relation.haspart E. Salli, H. J. Aronen, S. Savolainen, A. Korvenoja and A. Visa (2001). Contextual clustering for analysis of functional MRI data. IEEE Trans. Med. Imaging 20:403-414. [article1.pdf] © 2001 IEEE. By permission.
dc.relation.haspart E. Salli, A. Visa, H. J. Aronen, A. Korvenoja and T. Katila (1999). Statistical segmentation of fMRI activations using contextual clustering. In Proc. of the 2nd International conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention (MICCAI'99). C. Taylor, A. Colchester (Eds.). Springer. Lect. Notes Comput. Sci. 1679:481-488. [article2.pdf] © 1999 Springer-Verlag. By permission.
dc.relation.haspart E. Salli, A. Korvenoja, A. Visa, T. Katila and H. J. Aronen (2001). Reproducibility of fMRI: Effect of the use of contextual information. NeuroImage 13:459-471. [article3.pdf] © 2001 Academic Press. By permission.
dc.relation.haspart A. Korvenoja, J. Huttunen, E. Salli, H. Pohjonen, S. Martinkauppi, J. M. Palva, L. Lauronen, J. Virtanen, R. J. Ilmoniemi and H. J. Aronen (1999). Activation of multiple cortical areas in response to somatosensory stimulation: Combined magnetoencephalographic and functional magnetic resonance imaging. Hum. Brain Mapp. 8:13-27.
dc.relation.haspart H. Pohjonen, O. Sipilä, V.-P. Poutanen, S. Bondestam, K. Somer, E. Salli, A. Korvenoja, P. Nikkinen, H. J. Aronen, R. J. Ilmoniemi, T. Katila, K. Liewendahl and C.-G. Standertskjöld-Nordenstam (1996). Hospital-wide PACS: multimodal image analysis using ATM network. In Computer Assisted Radiology: Proc. of the International Symposium on Computer and Communication Systems for Image Guided Diagnosis and Therapy (CAR'96). H. U. Lemke, M. W. Vannier, K. Inamura, A. G. Farman (Eds.). Elsevier. Pages 399-404.
dc.relation.haspart H. Pohjonen, P. Nikkinen, O. Sipilä, J. Launes, E. Salli, O. Salonen, P. Karp, J. Ylä-Jääski, T. Katila and K. Liewendahl (1996). Registration and display of brain SPECT and MRI using external markers. Neuroradiology 38:108-114. [article6.pdf] © 1996 Springer-Verlag. By permission.
dc.subject.other Medical sciences en
dc.subject.other Physics en
dc.title Contextual detection of fMRI activations and multimodal aspects of brain imaging en
dc.type G5 Artikkeliväitöskirja fi
dc.description.version reviewed en
dc.contributor.department Department of Engineering Physics and Mathematics en
dc.contributor.department Teknillisen fysiikan ja matematiikan osasto fi
dc.subject.keyword fMRI en
dc.subject.keyword activation localization en
dc.subject.keyword segmentation en
dc.subject.keyword contextual information en
dc.subject.keyword multimodality en
dc.subject.keyword visualization en
dc.identifier.urn urn:nbn:fi:tkk-001838
dc.type.dcmitype text en
dc.type.ontasot Väitöskirja (artikkeli) fi
dc.type.ontasot Doctoral dissertation (article-based) en
dc.contributor.lab Laboratory of Biomedical Engineering en
dc.contributor.lab Lääketieteellisen tekniikan laboratorio fi

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